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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
sensory memory
-holds information just long enough for it to be processed further
-associated with the senses
working memory
- also called short term memory
-stage at which further processing is carried out to make info ready fo rlong term storage
-holds limited amount of info and for limited amount of time
long-term memory
-permanent storehouse of information
-once information is processed in long term memory it can never be fully lost
selective attention
abililty to process some information whiel ignoring other information
automaticity
when tasks are overlearned or sources of information became habitual
patttrn recognition
environmental stimuli are recognized as exemplars of concepts and princicples already in memory
- when you match incomming information to the appropriate template in your memory
feature analysis
distinctive, specific features are stored in your memory
chunking
working memory capacity may be increased through creating larger bits
encoding
making things meaningful, relating them to concepts or ideas already in memory
episodic memory
memory for specific eventsq
semantic memory
all general information stored in the memory
Network Model of LTM
suggests that memory is stored in interconnected hierarchies
Feature Comparison Models of LTM
things in the memory are organized by sets of defining features
ACT
model by John R. Anderson, distinguished between procedural and declarative knowledge
Parallel Distributed Processing
cognitive operations occur simultaneously as opposed to sequentially
encoding specifity
whatever cues used by a learner to facilitate encoidng wil aso serve as the best retrieval cues
why do we forget things?
1. failure to encode
2. failure to retrieve
3. interverence
metacognition
one's awareness of thinking and the self-regulatory business.