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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
emotion
copmlex pattern of bodily and mental changes that made in response to a situation perceived as personally significant
moods
less intense; last for several days--weaker than emotions
Paul Ekman
facial expressions researcher
neuro-cultural theory
Ekman's theory: feflect fjoin contributions of the brain and culture in emotional expression
physiology of emotion
body reacts through autonomic nervous system and central neverous system.
James-Langue Theory of Body Reaction
you feel after your body reacts

peripheralist
Cannon-Bard Theory of Central Neural Processes
stimulus-->BOTH
body arousal
and
emotion experience
Cognitive Appraisal theories of emotion
appraise your physiological arousal in an effort to label what you are feeling
functions of emotion
motivation/attention
social
emotional affects on cognitive thinking
stress
pattern of responses an organism makes tostiumuls events that disturb its equilibrium and tax or exceed its ability to cope
stressor
stiumulus event that places a demand on an organism for some kind of adaptive response
(bike swerves in front of car)acutre stress
fight or flight response
prepare the body eiter to defend or struggle/ RUN AWAY to safety
(Cannon)
tend-and-befriend response
in times of stress, females ensure the safety of their offspring by tending to needs; females befriend other members of social group w/ same goal
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
response to stressors; adaptation
1) alarm reactions
2) bodily resistance
3) stage of exaustion
psychosomatic disorers
illnesses that could not be hwolly expained by physical causes
coping
process of dealing with your internal or external demands that are perceived as straining or exceeding an individual's resources
health psychology
branch of psych that is devoted to understanding the way people stay helahty, the reason they become ill, and they way they respond when they are ILL
biopsychosocial model
BIO=reality of illness
PSYCHO/SOCIAL= psychological and social components of health
health promotion
developing general strategies and specific tactics to eliminate or reduce the risk that people will get sick
sensation seeking
reason to start smoking; more likely to engage in risky activities
relaxation response
a condition in which muscle tension, cortical activity, heart rate, and blood pressure all decrease and breathing slows
biofeedback

NEAL MILLER
self-regulatory technique used for a variety of special applications, such as control of blood pressure, relaxaiton of forwehard, and even BLUSHING
psychoneuroimmunology
explore immne types
Type A behavior pattern
complex pattern of behavior and emotions that includes being excessively competitive , aggressive, impatient, time urgetn, and hostile
Type B vheavior pattern
less competitive, better for health--nicer, etc. ME!
job burnout
emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment that is often experienced by workers in professions that demand interpers contac
personality types
all-or-none phenomena, not matters of degree: if a person is assigned to one type, not another type
traits
enduring qualities or attributes that predispose individuals to behave consistently across situations
Allport's Trait Approach
cardinal: traits life is organized around
central: represnet major char. of a person
secondary: specifc, perosnal features
five factor model "BIG FIVE"
extraversion agreeableness
conscientiousness
neuroticism
openness to experience
consistency paradox
the observation that personality ratings across time and among different observers are CONSISTENT while behavior ratings of a persona across situatons aint
psychodynamic personality theories
assumption that powerful inner forces shape personality and motivate behavior
Freudian model
conscious/subconscious
libido/id/ego
fixation
too much frustration at one of early stages of psychosexual development
psychic determinism
assumption that lal mental/behavioral reactions are determined by earlier experiences
unconscious
repository of information that is unavailable to conscious awareness
id
fundamental drives eat/sleep/sex
superego
storehouse of individual's values--moral attitudes learned form society

CONSCIENCE
ego
reality-based; PERSONAL VIEW/conscious beliefs
psychological approaches
psychodynamic
behavioral
cognitive
sociocultural
DSM-IV-TR
classifies, defines, and describes over 200 medical disoerders:
(Diagnostic and StatistcalManual of MEntal Disorders)
generalized anxiety disorder
anxiety focused on specific life circumstances, such as unrealiztic concerns about finances, etc
panic disorder
panic atacks like a mad thing
mood disorder
emotional disturbance, such as severe depression/depression althernating with MANIAAAA
bipolar disorder
periods of severe depression w/ manic episodes
learned helplessness
three types:
motivational deficits
emotional defiicts
cogntive deficits
personality disorder
long standing pattern of perceiving, thinking, or behaving
dissociative disorders
distubance in the integration of identity, memory, or consciousness
schhizophrenic disorder
severe form of psychopathology in which personality seems to disintegrate, though/percep=istorted, emotions are blunted
schizophrenic delusions
false/irrational beliefs maintained in spite of clear contrary evidence
grandeur, persecution, reference
schizophrenic types
disorganized residual
catatonic
paranoid
undifferentiated
Freud's stages of development
oral
anal
phallic
latency genital
drugs! for fixing psychological issues
thorazine: fixes dop level but is bad for LIFE
physical intervention
electroconvulsive thereapy
prefrontal lobatomy
contingency management
SKINNER
reward for pos behaviors
don't reward for neg behavior
counter-conditioning
replace response (fear?) w/ relaxation
systematic desensitization
rational-emotiove therapy
ALBERT ELLIS
personality change by changing irrational beliefs to rational ones
client-centered therapy
CARL ROGERS
promote healthy psychological growth of the individual (self actualization)
Gestalt therapy
ways to unite mind and body to be whole
FRITZ PERLS
at out fantasies concerning conflicts and re-create
tardive dyskinesia
particular disturbance of motor control; facial muscles; caused by DRUGS to fix anxiety disorders/personality/etc
HANS EYSENCK's three dimensions from personality test data:
1-extraversion
2-neuroticism
3-psychoticism