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16 Cards in this Set

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_________ describes a particular society's entire way of living, encompassing shared patterns of belief, feelings, and knowledge that guide peoples conduct and are passed down from generation to generation.
Culture
_____________ is somewhat narrower term and relates to people who identify with each other because of shared heritage.
Ethnicity
Making assumptions about a specific culture or ethnic group.
Stereotyping
How to use an interpreter in the hospital setting....
1. Address the client directly rather than speaking to the interpreter. Maintain eye contact with client to ensure the clients involvement.

2. Do not interrupt the client and the interpreter.

3. Ask the interpreter to give you verbatim translations.

4. Avoid using medical jargon (NPO???)

5. Avoid talking or commenting to the interpreter at length.

6. Be aware that asking intimate or emotional laden questions may be difficult for both the client and the interpreter.

7. Let the interpreter and client meet each other first to establish some rapport.

8. If possible request an interpreter of the same gender and age.
Cultural behavior is socially acquired through a process called ____________
enculturation
This cultural group stems from England, Ireland, and Germany, they speak english, need about 18 inches to 3ft of personal space and are uncomfortable with personal contact and touch. Family is nuclear and extended religions are Jewish, and Christian. They are time oriented and value preventive medicine however biggest health concerns are cardiovascular, cancer, and diabetes mellitus.
Northern European Americans
This cultural group stems from Africa West Indian islands, Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Jamacia. The dialects include; Pidgin Creole, Gullah, French, and Spanish. They have close personal space and are comfortable with touch have large extended families Female headed households, strong religious orientation, mostly Protestant. Present time oriented they prefer traditional health care and folk practitioner health concerns are; cardiovascular disease hypertension, sickle cell disease diabetes mellitus, and lactose intolerance.
African Americans
This cultural group stems from North America, Alaska, and the Aleutican Islands. They speak 200 tribal languages comfortable with silence, direct eye contact is considered rude. Large extended space is important and they are uncomfortable with touch. Familes are nuclear and exteded children are taught importance of tradition. Tribe and family are most important. Present time oriented and prefer religion and health practices intertwined with Shaman. Health risks include: Alcoholism, tuberculosis, accidents, diabetes mellitus, Heart disease.
Native American
This cultural group stems from Japan, China, Korea, Vietnam, Philippines, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, India, and the Pacific Islands. They have more then 40 different languages and are comfortable with silence but uncomfortable with eye to eye contact. They need large personal space and are uncomfortable with touch. Families are consist of nuclear and extended. Children taught the importance of family loyalty and traditional. Many different religions ex. Taoism, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, and Christianity. Present time oriented and the pasted is valued. Traditional health care is preferred but some use folk practices, yin and yang, herbal medicine, and moxibustion. Health concerns are hypertension, cancer diabetes mellitus, Thalassemia, and Lactose intolerance.
Asian / Pacific Islander
This cultural group stems form Mexico, Spain, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and other countries of Central and South America. They speak Spanish prefer close personal space lots of touching and embracing very group oriented. Families are nuclear and large extended strong ties to Roman Catholicism. Present time oriented they prefer traditional health care some prefer to use folk practitioner that include Hot and cold herbal remedies. Health concerns are heart disease cancer diabetes mellitus, accidents lactose intolerance.
Latino Americans
This cultural group is from France, Italy, and Greece. National language is the dialect. They have close personal space lots of touching and embracing very group oriented. Family is nuclear and large extended religion is Roman catholic, Greek Orthodox. Present time oriented and prefer traditional health care and lots of home remedies based on superstition. Health concerns are heart disease, cancer diabetes mellitus Thalassemia
Western European Americans
This group is from the middle east they speak Arabic and english, they prefer large personal space between members of the opposite sex outside of the family touching common between members of the same sex. Family is nuclear and extended Religion is Islam and Christianity they are passed and present time oriented. They prefer traditional health care some superstitious beliefs physician is seldom challenged or questioned. Adverse outcomes are attributed to God's will mental illness is viewed as a social stigma. Health concerns are; sickle cell disease Thalassemia, cardiovascular disease cancer.
Arab Americans
This cultural group is from Spain, Portugal, Germany, and Eastern Europe. They speak English, hebrew, and Yiddish. Touch is forbidden between opposite genders in orthodox tradition. Closer personal space common among non-orthodox Jews. Family is nuclear and extend. Past present and future oriented. They have a great respect for physicians emphasis on keeping body and mind healthy. Practice preventive health care. Health concerns are; Tay Sachs disease Gaucher disease, familial dysautonmia, Ulcerative colitis crohns disese colorectal cancer breast cancer, and ovarian cancer.
Jewish American
This syndrome is seen in Pacific Islanders and is described as a dissociative episode followed by an outburst of violent aggressive or homicidal behavior directed at people and objects. May be associated with psychotic episode.
Amok
This syndrome is seen in the Latino community and symptoms include uncontrollable shouting, crying, trembling, verbal or physical aggression, sometimes accompanied by dissociative experiences, seizure like or fainting episodes, and suicidal gestures. Often occurs in response to stressful family event.
Ataque de nervois
This syndrome is seen in the Latino American community symptoms include; acute nervous tension, headache, trembling, screaming, stomach disturbances, and sometimes loss of consciousness. Thought to occur in response to intense anger or rage.
Bilis and colera