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12 Cards in this Set

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pyramid
a massive structure with a rectangular base and four triangular sides, like those that were built in Egypt as burial places for Old Kingdom pharaohs
mummification
a process of embalming and drying corpses to prevent them from decaying
hieroglyphics
an ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
papyrus
a tall reed that grows in the Nile delta, used by the ancient Egyptians to make a paperlike material for writing on
subcontinent
a large landmass that forms a distant part of a continent
monsoon
a wind that shifts in direction at certain times of each year
Harppan Civilization
another name for the Indus Valley civilization that arose along the Indus River, possibly as early as 7000 bc; characterized by sophisticated city planning
loess
a fertile deposit of windblown soil
oracle bone
one of the animal bones or tortoise shells used by the ancient Chinese priests to communicate with the gods
Mandate of Heaven
in Chinese history, the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority
dynastic cycle
the historical pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties
feudalism
a political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legallu belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land