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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Behavior
the manner in which one behaves
Overt Behavior
Readily seen, observed, assessed and measured
Covert Behavior
Behavior such as thinking, thought processes, remembering, deciding, etc. that can not be seen physically
Emperical Evidence
Information gained from direct observation and measurement
Wilhelm Wundt
Founder of Psychology as a science
-Father of experimental psychology
1st psychology lab
Set up by Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig Germany in 1879
Structuralism
Deals with structure of mental life
-Hoped to analyze private experiences into "basic" elements or "building blocks"
Edward Tichener (1867-1927)
An englishman and a British scholar. Student of Wundt that carried his ideas to America and started the first psych. lab in America at Cornell University

-Coined Functional/Structural psychology
Functionalism
Interested in how the mind functions and enables us to adapt to our environment

-Said as a ever-changing stream or flowing images and sensations; not lifeless building blocks like structuralism
Educational Psychology
Study of learning, teaching, classroom dynamics, and related topics
Industrial Psychology
Study of people at work, and related topics.
William James (1842-1910)
Broadened psychology to include animal behavior, religious experience, abnormal behavior, and other interesting topics.
Behaviorism
Study of overt, observable behavior via the observation of relationship between stimuli and response.
John B. Watson (1878-1958)
Objected to study of mind by introspection.

A conditioned response is a learned reaction to a particular stimuli

Father of Behaviorism
Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)
Founded theories of conditioning
B.F. Skinner
Developed Operant conditioning
Cognitive Behaviorism
A view that combines thinking and conditioning to behavior
Gesalt Psychology
"The whole sum is greater than it's parts"
Psychoanalytic Psychology
Sigmund Frued - Father of Psychoanalysis
Humanism
Stimulates interest for needs of love, self-esteem, belonging, self-expression, creativity and spirituality.

Just as important as biological needs
Determinism
Behavior is determined by forces beyond our control
Emphasis of Humanism
Free will
Self image
Self evaluation
Self actualization
Goals of Psychology
To describe, understand, and predict, and control behavior
Hindsight Bias
To believe after learning the outcome that one could have easily forseen it
Overconfidence
Our everyday thinking is limited not only by our after-the-fact common sense but also our human tendancy to be over confident.
Courtesy Bias
Tendancy to give polite socially desirable bias
My-side bias
tendency to give more attention to evidence that supports your side of the arguement
Naturalistic oberservation
oberserving stimuli in natural invironment
Observer effect
People will act differently when they know they are being observed
Observer bias
They see what they expect to see and record most details that support what they expected to see