• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/120

Click to flip

120 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pure (clean) air
el aire puro
mountain
la montaña
tree
el árbol
factory
la fábrica
farmer
el agricultor / la agricultora
farm
la finca
bull
el toro
cow
la vaca
lake
el lago
fish, fishes
el pez, peces
pollution (of air)
la contaminación (del aire)
skyscrapers
el rascacielos
horse
el caballo
domesticated animal, pet
el animal doméstico
wild animal
el animal salvaje
whale
la ballena
forest
el bosque
farm worker, peasant
el/la campesino/a
countryside, field
el campo
energy
la energía
electric energy
la energía eléctrica
nuclear energy
la energía nuclear
solar energy
la energía solar
shortage, lack
la escasez (las escaseces)
(endangered) species
la especie (en peligro de extinción
lack, absence
la falta
government
el gobierno
population
la población
natural resources
lose recursos naturales
elephant
el elefante
gorilla
el gorila
to run out of, use up completely
acabar
to save, conserve
conservar
to build
construir (y)

construyo, construyes, construye, construímos, construyen
to pollute
contaminar
to develop
desarrollar
to destroy
destruir (y)

destruyo, destruyes, destruye, destruímos, destruyen
to protect
proteger (j)
(fast) pace of life
el ritmo (acelerado) de la vida
public services
los servicios públicos
public transportation
el transporte públicos
violence
la violencia
beautiful
bello/a
dense
denso/a
mechanic
el/la mecánico/a
to change the oil
rivisar el aceite
windshield
parabrisas
tire
la llanta
tank
el tanque
corner
la esquina
traffic signal
el semáforo
traffic
la circulación o el tránsito
gas station
la gasolinera o la estación de gasolina
gasoline
la gasolina
(repair) shop
el taller
to check
revisar
oil
el aceite
freeway
la autopista
highway
la carretera
street
la calle
street, road
el camino
driver's license
la licencia de manejar/conducir
to start up (a car)
arrancar (qu)
to fix, repair
arreglar
to run into, collide (with)
chocar (qu) (con)
to turn
doblar
to park
estacionar
to use (a lot of gas)
gastar (mucha gasolina)
to fill (up)
llenar
to drive
manejar, conducir (zc)

*conduzco
to obey
obedecer (zc)

*obedezco
to stop
parar
to keep on going, to go (straight ahead)
sequir (i,i) (g) (todo derecho)
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

abrir
abierto
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

cubrir (to cover)
cubierto
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

decir
dicho
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

descubrir
descubierto
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

escribir
escrito
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

hacer
hecho
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

morir
muerto
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

poner
puesto
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

resolver
resuelto
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

romper
roto
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

ver
visto
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

volver
vuelto
past participle used as an adjective:

-ar verbs
end with -ado (except irregular)
past participle used as an adjective:

-er and -ir verbs
end with -ido (except irregular)
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

-er/-ir verbs with stems ending in -a, -e, or -o
an accent mark is used
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

caer
caído
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

creer
creído
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

leer
leído
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

oír
oído
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

(son)reír
(son)reído
past participle used as an adjective, irregular forms:

traer
traído
past participle use:

adjective to modify a noun (agrees in number & gender w/modified noun)
"They live in a house built in 1920."

"Viven en una casa construída en 1920."
past participle use:

with estar to describe conditions that are the result of a previous action
"The lake is polluted."

"El lago está contaminado"
Present perfect indicative:

Past participle is used with present tense forms of haber
"We have been here before."
- "Nos hemos estado aquí antes."

"I've had a very good time."
- "Me he divertido mucho.

"They've already written her the letter."
- "Ya le han escrito la carta."
Present perfect indicative:

Form of past participle never changes with haber, regardless of gender or number. Past participle always appears immediately after the haber form, never separated. Object pronouns and no are always placed directly before the form of haber
"She's changed a flat tire several times."
- "Ella ha cambiado una llanta desinflada varias veces."

"They still haven't checked the car's oil."
- Todavía no le han revisado el aceite al coche."
Present perfect indicative:

present perfect form of hay (there has been/there have been)
HAY HABIDO.

"There's been an accident."
- "Ha habido un accidente."
Present perfect subjunctive,
uses
used to express "I have done..." when the subjunctive is required.
Present perfect subjunctive, examples
"It's possible that he may have done (he did) it."
- "Es posible que lo haya hecho."

"I'm glad that you have come (you came)."
-"Me alegro de que hayas venido."

"It's good that they built (have built) it."
-"Es bueno que lo hayan construido."
Present perfect subjunctive, forms of haber:
haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayan
Present perfect indicative, forms of haber
he, has, ha, hemos, han
Talking about what you had (or had not) done before a given time in the past:
use the past participle with the imperfect form of haber.

Había, habías, había, habíamos, habían
Talking about what you had (or had not) done before a given time in the past, examples:
"Before graduating from high school, I hadn't studied Spanish."
-"Antes de graduarme en la escuela secundaria, no había estudiado español."
natural resources
los recursos naturales
river
el río
nature
la naturaleza
rhythm, pace
el ritmo
service
el servicio
to avoid
evitar
to recycle
reciclar
to resolve
resolver (ue)
level
el nivel
brakes
los frenos
driver
el/la conductor(a)
speed limit
el limite de velocidad
police officer
el/la policía
fast/accelerated
acelerado/a
public
público/a