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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What disease processes are associated with clubbing?
Squamous cell carcinoma
Pulmonary fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis
Cardiac shunt
What are the Gram+ bacteria that cause CAP?
Strep. pneumoniae
Staph. aureus
What are the Gram- bacteria that cause CAP?
H. flu
Kelbsiella pnemoniae
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
What are the "other" common pathogens of CAP?
Mycoplasma pneumonia
Chlamydia pneumoniae
Legionella pneumonophila
Viruses (RSV, influenza, adenovirus)
FEV1 is reduced when what is present?
Airway obstruction
FEV1/FVC is reduced when what is present?
Airway obstruction
FVC is reduced when what is present?
Restictive lung disease
What are the four mechanisms of hypoxemia?
Hypoventilation
V/Q mismatch
Shunt
Low inspired p02
What is the normal (A-a)DO₂?
10 mmHg
(17-22 in elderly patients)
Hypoxemia associated with elveated (A-a)DO₂ is often due to what?
V/Q mismatch
Shunt
Hypoxemia associated with an elveated pCO₂ and normal (A-a)DO₂ is often due to what?
Hypoventilation
Hypoxemia associated with an elveated pCO₂ and elevated (A-a)DO₂ is often due to what?
Hypoventilation and something else, probably V/Q mismatch and possibly shunt
What is the effect of asthma on DLCO?
It is increased
what is the most common route of infection for pneumonia, both CAP and HAP?
Aspiration of bacterial pathogens from the oropharynx