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94 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Effective delivery
natural conversational behavior in a way that is relaxed, enthusiastic, direct
elocutionary movement
a performance, like acting
speaking from manuscript
Reading a speech from prepared written text
Speaking from memory
Is Oratory
Speech delivered w/o preparation/practice
Speech well practiced and delivered from a key-word/prase outline
Loudness of a speaker's voice during a speech. Depends on 3 factors: 1) Size of room & # of people 2) Whether or not the use of a microphone 3) Level of background noise
range of sounds from high to low. Known by vibrations per unit of time (frequency)
Distinguishes a question from a statement
Speaking rate
Most effective way to hold an audience's attention (120-150 words per min)
Vocal fillers
"uh", "hmm," "you know", "I mean" and "it's like"
enhance meaning by providing a type of punctuation, emphasizing a point, drawing attention
Vocal variety
Could be a combination of reduced speech rate, increased volume and pitch
clarity/forcefulness when sounds are made, regardless if pronounced correctly
Slurring words together @ a very low volume and pitch...Articulation problem (could be lazy speech)
Aural channel
made up of vocalizations that form and accompany spoken words
Refers to how something is said, not whats said
Visual channel
Includes the speaker's physical actions and appearance
Talking head
Just stands, not interesting
Live or inanimate object
3-D, scale-size representation of an object (Engineering, architecture, medicine, etc)
2-D, representing people, places, ideas or objects
Explains how something works/constructed/operated
A whole or a part of an area on a flat surface
Large, bold 2-D design incorporating words, shapes, color
Numerical data
Line graph
Displays 1 measurement
Bar graph
uses bars to compare quantities/magnitudes
Pie graph
Depicts the division of a whole
Shows comparisons in picture form
Organizes complex info into compact form
Diagram that shows step-by-step progression through procedure, relationship, or process
Organizational chart
illustrates the organizational structure/chain of command in an organization...shows interrelationship
Systematicgrouping of data/numerical info in solumn form
Comines several medic into a single production
LCD panel
Connects to a computer, square thin box that sits on top of an overhead projector
LCD Projector
Eliminates the need of a overhead projector...comes with an illumination or light source
Flip chart
Pad of paper which a speaker can illustrate speech points
8 by 8 rule
No more than 8 words in a line & 8 lines on 1 slide
Serif typefaces
Small flourishes/strokes at top/bottom of each letter
Sans serif typefaces
blocklike and linear...designed without tiny strokes
Animation effects
Sometimes referred as builds
Meeting Minder
A note-taking tool that allows to take notes & give assignments known as "Action items"
Allows to show parts of a slide during presentation
Operational definition
Defines something by describing what it does
Definition by negation
Defines something by explaining what it is not
Definition by synonym
Defines something by comparing it with another term that contain equivalent meaning
Definition by etymology (word orgin)
You illustrate the roots of the term in questionSpeeches about objects
Speeches about objects
Anything that isn't humans
Speeches about events
Any current or historical event
Speeches about processes
A series of steps that lead to an end result
Speeches about concepts
Fouces on abstract/complex ideas or theroies and attempt to make them understandable
Guideline for Informative speech
Include too much nor too little
Define your terms
Reinforcec your message through repetition
Relate old ideas to new ones
Present new & interesting info
Strive for clarity
Use Visualization
Presentation Aids
Persuasive speaking
Speech that is to influence the attitudes, beliefs, values, and acts of others
Forms of rhetorical proof
Speaker's use of 3 means of persuasion
Audience's resoning on a topic (arguements)
A 3 part argument consisting of a major premise
Major Premise
Minor premise
General case
Specific case
Deductive reasoning
Reasoning from a general condition to a specific instance
Hasty overgeneralization
An attempt to support a claim by asserting that a particular piece of evidence is true
Claims of value
Issues of judgement
claims of policy
a specific course be taken
Motivational warrants
Audience's needs and emotions
Authoritative warrants
Appeal to credibility the audience see's in the source
Substantive warrants
Appeal to audience's beliefs about reliability of factualy evidnece
Warrants by sign
Close relationships between 2 variables
Warrants by analogy
Compare 2 similar cases that if 1 thing is true, than it will be true in the other
Inoculation effect
Anticipating counterarguments, than addressing/rebutting them
Logical fallacy
Invalid line of reasoning
Begging the question
Fallacy that is true, even w/ no evidence
General opinion supports them
Ad hominem arguement
Targets a person rather than the issue
Red herring fallacy
speaker relies on irrelevant info for arguement
Refutation pattern of organization
Opposing claims
Specific speech purpose
How you want ur audience to react to ur message
Motivated sequence pattern of arrangement
5 step process: 1) Attention 2) Need 3) Satisfaction 4) Visualization 5) Action
Commemorative speech
Remembrance & tribute
Social agenda-setting
Reinforcing/establishing goals/values of group sponsoring event
Speeches of introduction
Describe speaker's background, preview speaker's topic
Ask audience to welcome speaker
Speeches of acceptance
React Genuinely & w/ Humility
Thank those giving the Award
Thank others who helped you
Convey the meaning of the award
Talk about recipient of the award
Consider the physical presentation
Humorous tribute to a person...poke fun @ him/her
Canned speeches
Not favored
Sermons speeches
Ministers, priests
Productive conflict
Questions are clarified, ideas are challanged, counterexamples, worst-case scnarios
Issues-based conflict
Allows members to test/debate ideas & potential solutions
Accept info without anaylizing
Devil's advocacy
Arguing for the fuck of it
Dialectical inquiry
Futher step than devil's advocacy, accept it offers a counter solution
Presentational speaking
Within business/professional environment
1) Topic selection
2) Audience composition
Audience participation
3) Speaker expertise
Crisis-response presentation
Reassure an organization's various audiences
Science-related disciples
Physical sciences, earth sciences, natural sciences
Technical disciplines
Range of engineering fields, computer-sicence-oriented fieldsm and design-oriented
fields qualitative research
Observing, describing, and interpreting behavior
Quantitative research
Statistical measurements