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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
--: political inputs that have some impact on gov't opperation.
Public Opinion
PO is the aggregation of - & - on social issues (public events)
attitudes and beliefs
Attitudes tend to - into groups of people with common similiar social - (race, age, income)
cluster, traits
Impact on government:
- and -
- and -
saliency and intersity
stabability and volatility
- & - involve the diff levels of importance; higher level to those affected by issue
saliency and intersity
- and - involve usually stable opinions and party id or varying support
stabability and volatility
Distribution has three parts:-, -, & -. - is when most of the public do not know their opinion, - is when the public is one one side with clear direction, and - is when PO is split.
directive, polarized, and permissive.

permissive, directive, and polarized
The government dislikes - distribution.
- PO is ignored in favor of soliency issues.
--- place votes on single issue they wish rep to address.
single issue voters
PO -: sicientifc random sampling of people, with -% accuracy +-3 points.
polling, 95
PO Polling depends on three things: -, -, and &
timing, phasing, and interpretation
OPs come from - and --. - is from family, peers, ect. -- is shaped by socailization patterns.
socailization and rational thought
-: opinions on variety of political issues that are fairly stable over time and shared by large number of people
--: small group that are organized (leaders, membs), people gathering togeth to advance some common concern w/ -.
interest groups, gov't
- interest groups are most -.
special, crit
Reasons for IG: human instinct together, -, constitutional protection of - and - gov't
ultilitarian, assembly and petitioning
Types of IG: - and non-.
Economic IG for -, -, and -
labor, professional groups and trade associations (growing fastest), and peak associtations trying to represent large interest
non-Ecomonic IG for -, -, and -
adovcady for single interest, ethnic (many, shared expereinces (presents positive light)
IG Actions: -, -, ---, -, & -.
Lobbying, electioneering, general public relations, litigation, uncoventional
-, IG action, has two types: 1. - is well-known, has reps from IG who make formal presentations to give tech information about issue. Usually (allows/blocks) gov't action.
2. - deals with largest groups, where group leaders contact members and tell then about bill to get them involved, is a reflection of power.
Lobbying, blocks
direct, indirect
-, IG action, deals with money spent by nat. gov't, collect from contribs from individual or groups (PACs) or workers, inkind aid
---, IG action, is "- control" that creates a postivite PO w/out direct selling, thus creating more influence on gov't action
general public relations, climate
-, IG action, invloves a -- method, which goes to court, it is a typical action against the - agency.
Litigation, last resort, bueracracy
-, IG action, that is public - to demonstrate traditions, strike, riots. (usually outside of typical way to get action)
Unconventional, display
IG -: showing that power isn't equal by -, -, -, and -.
size, wealth, solidarity, and leadership skills&tactics.
Size: larger members larger -.
Wealth: - amount to spend, more power.
Solidarity: positive - of the group, more power.
Leadership: creates - bw groups.