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18 Cards in this Set

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human body standing in upright position, eyes facing forward, feet parallel, arms at side with palms facing forward
anatomical position
same as anatomical position but with palms facing the sid eof the body, often used when discussing rotation of the upper extremity
fundamental position
refers to location or position toward the midline of the body
medial
refers to location or position farther from midline
lateral
refers to the front or to a position closer to the front than another
anterior/ventral
refers to the back
posterior/dorsal
means away from trunk
distal
means toward the trunk
proximal
above or upper surface
superior
below or lower surface
inferior
refers to position or structure close to head
cranial
refers to position or structure closer to feet
caudal
occurs in straight line from one location to next
linear motion / translatory motion
all parts of object moving the same direction, at the same time in a straight line
rectilinear motion
movement occuring in curved path
curvilinear motion
movement of object from fixed point
angular motion
deals with relationship of the movement of bones around a joint axis (ex. humerus moving on scapula)
osteokinematics
deals with the relationship of joint surface movement (ex. humeral head's movement within glenoid fossa of scapula)
arthrokinematics