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31 Cards in this Set

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How many degrees of motion does the knee possess?

A patient exhbits 5 degrees of hyper-extension at the knee and 145 degrees of flexion. How would this reported in the chart?

-5-145 degrees or 5-0-145

Which of the quadricep muscles crosses two joints?
rectus femoris
True or False: the Popliteus is a knee flexor.
True or False: The quads are innervated by the femoral nerve.
A 50% loss in normal DF would mean how much motion is available?
Normal DF=20 degress. Half is 10 degrees
How many repetitions does it take to achive a Normal grade for PF?
A PTA wants to isolate the Soleus muscle when performing a MMT. What should the PTA ask the patient to do?
Flex the knee while performing PF
What motion in the ankle would be compromised if the Tibial nerve was injured?
What nerve innervates the ankle evertors?

Superficial branch peroneal nerve

Name all of the muscles that orginate from the fibula.
Peroneus longus, peroneus brevis, Ext Hallicus longus, extensor digitorium longus, tibialis posterior, soleus and flexor hallicus longus
What muscles insert into the Achilles' tendon?
Solues, Gastrocnemius, and Plantaris
Name the muscles that can medially rotate the knee when it is flexed.
Popliteus, semitendinosus, gracilis, sartorius and semimembranosus
True or False: the capsular pattern for the knee is: knee flexion loss is > knee extension loss.
True or False: ankle inversion and eversion occurs in the frontal plane.
True or False: the anterior tibialis can dorsiflex and evert the ankle.
False, it inverts
What is the capsular pattern for the ankle joint (talocrural joint)?
PF loss is > DF loss
Which of the following muscles inserts into a tarsal bone?
a. Ant Tib
b. Peroneus Longus
c. Flexor Digitorum Longus
d. Post Tib
Ant tib and Post Tib
A muscle that courses posterior to the medial-lateral axis of rotation of the ankel can be predicted to produce which of the following actions?
a. DF
b. PF
c. Inversion
d. Eversion
What is the loosed packed position for the ankle (Talocural) joint.
10 degrees of PF, midway between max inversion and eversion.
What is the loosed packed position for the subtalar joint.
Midway between extremes of inversion and eversion
What is the end feel for knee extension?
What is normal ROM at the knee?
0-135 degrees
Where should the axis of the goniometer be placed when measuring knee flexion?
Over the lateral epicondyle of the femur
What bony landmark should the moving arm be aligned with when measuring knee extension?
Lateral Malleolus
Name the 3 muscles that make up the pes anserinus?
Sartorius, Gracilius and Semitendinosus
What position should the patient be placed in to perform a poor test for knee flexion?
Sidelying on the uninvolved side
Where should resistance be applied when performing a good grade for knee extension?
On the anterior aspect of the lower leg just proximal to the ankle.
True or False: when testing the strength of the quads, the therapist's resistance is in the direction of knee extension.
False, knee flexion. When performing MMT, the therapist's resistance should always be in the opposite direction of the movement being tested.
What is the loosed-packed positon for the knee?
25 degrees of flexion
What is the closed packed position of the knee?
Full extension and ER of the tibia