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29 Cards in this Set

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What is the loosed packed positon of the hip?
30 degrees of flexion, 30 degrees of abduction, and slight lateral rotation
What is the normal end feel for hip flexion?
Soft or firm
What goniometric measurements of the hip can be taken in the supine position?
Hip add/abd and flexion
What MMT tests are performed in the sidelying position?
Hip flexion and extension for grades 2,1, and 0.
What MMT tests can be performed in the sitting postion?
Hip IR and ER for grades 3, 4 and 5, and hip flexion grades 3,4, and 5.
What muscles insert into the greater trochanter of the femur?
Piriformis, Obturator Internus, Gemellus Superior, Gemullus Inferior, Gluteus Minimus, Gluteus Medius
What areas of the pelvis do the adductor muscles origin from?
Ischium and pubis
True or False: the origin of the gluteus maximus is posterior to the origin of the gluteus medius on the iliac crest.
True
The origins of what three muscles can be felt if you palpate the ischial tuberosity?
Semitendinosus, biceps femoris and semimembraneous
On the posterior aspect of the knee what is the correct order of muscles going from lateral to medial?
Iliotibial tract, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, gracilis and sartorius (Trail Guide page 321)
What muscle lies deep to the semitendinosus and gracilis?
Semimembranosus
What muscle can adduct the hip as well as flex and medially rotate the knee.
Gracilis
What muscle can flex, abduct and laterally rotate the hip as well as flex and medially rotate the knee?
Sartorius
Which of the following muscles cannot flex the hip? Gluteus Minimis, Tensor fascia latae, Psoas Major or Pectineus
Pectineus
Which of the following muscles is not innervated by two different nerves? Biceps femoris, Adductor Magnus, Tensor fascia latae, pectineus
TFL
What is the capsular pattern of the hip?
Flexion loss is greater than abduction and abduction loss is greater than IR. Another way you may see it written is Flex>ABD>IR
When offering resistance for hip abduction, hand placement should be where in relation to the knee?
Proximal
When the patient is in the sidelying position, what muscle group would you be testing if they are moving the leg they are lying on towards midline?
Adductors longus, brevis, magnus, Pectineus and Gracilis
When testing 4/5 MMT for Hip extension, what is the resistance direction that needs to be offered?
Flexion
When measureing ROM for hip external rotation, the patient is in the sitting position with hip and knee flexed to 90 degrees, what direction does the foot move inward or outward?
Inward
True or False: the closed packed position should be avoided when performing MMT.
True
List the motions of the hip from most ROM to least ROM.
Flexion (0-120), Abduction, IR and ER (0-45), Adduction and Extension (0-30)
What is the Closed packed position of the hip?
Full extension, Abd and IR
What is a common substitution assoicated with hip IR and ER?
In sitting, the patient shifts the body weight to raise the pelvis and lift the buttock off the sitting surface.
Where should the axis of the goniometer be placed when measuring hip flexion and extension?
Over the greater trochanter of the femur
Where should the stationary arm of the goniometer be placed when measuring hip adduction and abduction?
Along a line between the two ASISs.
Where should the moving arm of the goniometer be placed when measuring hip flexion and extension?
Parallel to the femur in line with the lateral epicondyle of the femur.
Where should the stationary arm of the goniometer be placed when measuring hip IR and ER?
Perpendicular to the floor
Where should the axis of the goniometer be placed when measuring hip IR and ER?
Over the patella