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9 Cards in this Set

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What are the 3 main categories of psychotropic meds?
1) Neuroleptics
2) Antidepressants
3) Antianxiety (Benzodiazepines)
What EPS (extra pyramidal symptoms) symptoms show when therapeutic levels are reached?
1) Dystonia: ms spams of head, neck, lips, tongue
2) Akathesia: "motor running" feeling;restless
3) Akinesia: Slow movements
4) Pseudoparkinsonism: but no pill rolling
5) Neuroleptic Malignant syndrom: seizures, incr temp: pt dies quickly from hyperthermia (This can happen if the anti-colinergic is not given after level reached.)
What is Tardive dyskinesia
Constant involuntary ms spasms: not treatable, not irreversible.
Brain is damaged!
Why does Tardive dyskinesia happen?
From taking the same neuroleptic med for 20 yrs w/out a break.
What are decanoates (depots)
injection form of neuroleptic meds that are time releases.
What are the side effects of neuroleptic meds?
dry-mouth
blurred vision
constipation
GI discomfort
sedation
weight gain
skin rashes
sex dysfunction
What type of meds are used for antidepressants?
1st line: tricyclics
2nd: SSRIs (selective seratonin reuptake inhibitators)
2nd: Lithium
4th: MAOI
What are the side effects for antidepressants?
dry-mouth, blurred vision, constipation, GI discomfort, sedation.
in addition, MAOI: hemorrhage and death if taken w/fermented foods.
What are the side effects of antianxiety drugs (benzodiazepines)?
dry-mouth, blurred vision, constipation, GI problems, sedation, plus with these drugs anxiety could be a side effect.