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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the 3 main categories of psychotropic meds?
1) Neuroleptics
2) Antidepressants
3) Antianxiety (Benzodiazepines)
What EPS (extra pyramidal symptoms) symptoms show when therapeutic levels are reached?
1) Dystonia: ms spams of head, neck, lips, tongue
2) Akathesia: "motor running" feeling;restless
3) Akinesia: Slow movements
4) Pseudoparkinsonism: but no pill rolling
5) Neuroleptic Malignant syndrom: seizures, incr temp: pt dies quickly from hyperthermia (This can happen if the anti-colinergic is not given after level reached.)
What is Tardive dyskinesia
Constant involuntary ms spasms: not treatable, not irreversible.
Brain is damaged!
Why does Tardive dyskinesia happen?
From taking the same neuroleptic med for 20 yrs w/out a break.
What are decanoates (depots)
injection form of neuroleptic meds that are time releases.
What are the side effects of neuroleptic meds?
blurred vision
GI discomfort
weight gain
skin rashes
sex dysfunction
What type of meds are used for antidepressants?
1st line: tricyclics
2nd: SSRIs (selective seratonin reuptake inhibitators)
2nd: Lithium
4th: MAOI
What are the side effects for antidepressants?
dry-mouth, blurred vision, constipation, GI discomfort, sedation.
in addition, MAOI: hemorrhage and death if taken w/fermented foods.
What are the side effects of antianxiety drugs (benzodiazepines)?
dry-mouth, blurred vision, constipation, GI problems, sedation, plus with these drugs anxiety could be a side effect.