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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the scientific study of behavior and the physiological and cognitive processes that underlie it
the systematic, objective methods of observation
devoted to uncovering the basic structures of mind and thought (wanted to analyze feelings, images in the mind)
(founder of psychology) thought that psychology should be the scientific study of consciousness (awareness of immediate experience)
He founded the 1st lab in Germany dedicated to study of the mind
William Wundt
(studied under Wundt) introspection or self observation of ones own self
Edward Tichner
(studied under Wundt) made several important contributions, launched Americas first psychological journal, established Americas first research lab, and organized the APA, and became the first APA president
Stanley Hall-
foucues on how concuuncess could help us deal with the problems of everyday living
(published the “Pricbiples of Psycology) said the mind cannot be broked down into elements
William James
behavior is driven by unconscious forces
Psychoanalytic School of Thought
(founder of psyconalists) probles were caused by personal conflicts at a personal level
Sigmund Freud
(founder of behaviorism) wanted to study outward behavior so he could see it; rejected mental study (feelings…etc…)
John R. Watson
rewarded behavior is likely to reoccur
BF Skinner
*human interaction is very important
*our need is to feel safe
*behavior si governed by self concept and need for personal growth
*we strive for self actulation
*we have free will to make choices to shape our destiny
Humanistic leaders
Abraham Maslow and Carl Rodgers
How the mind organizes perceptions, processes information, and interprets experiences
*became popular in 1950’s

Example- someone believes people are out to get them, in this theory their theapry would be going through their thought process
how heredity and biological structures affect mental processes and behavior
behavior is determined by heredity mechanisms acquired through natural selection
studies how ethnicity, gender, and culture influence behavior and mental process
did all requirements for Harvard PhD but did not get it because she was a female; did a lot if research in memory and was the first female president of APA
Mary Calkins
first African American president of APA;
Kenneth Clark-
human development
Developmental Psycology
how the actual, implied or imagined presence of other people effects one anothers feelings (social loafing- people slack off in group setting)
Social Psycology
lab research on basic psychological processes, memory, etc…(learning styles)
Expermential Psycology
genetics and how it affects our behavior and/or body
Psysilolgical Psycology
higher mental process, memory, thinking (falls under experimental)
Congnitive Psycology
looks at types of personality and how personality forms
Personality Psycology
design psychology tests
Psychometics Pscycology
ovserve in the natural enviroment
Naturalistic obsercation
somthing that has allready been studied, so it is an indepth study of group with a unique problem
Case Study
studies degree of relationship between 2 or more varibles ranges from -1.0 to +1.0
Correlational Resarch
first attempts to explain brain function, studied surface on head
ex- bumps above ears means theif
Franz Gall
preformed untraind labomidies, drove latomobile
Walter Freeman
concerned with the links between physilolgy and behavior
sensory nervers that convay info to the skin and muscles (pain, temp, controls motor skills)
Somatc Nervous System
Automotic Nervous System
controls breating, heart rate, digestion