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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Self Concept
Sum total of who you are
Social Learning Theory
We observe & imitate those around us.
Cognitive Dissonance
Feelings of guilt that go against self perception.
Psychoanalysis
The technique of treating pschological disoders by seeking to expse & interpret unconscious tensions.
ID
Unconsiouc instincts that we are born with.
EGO
Referree between natural born instincts & standards of society.
SUPEREGO
Represents morality -- depends on the rules of authority & social demands -- ideal self.
Freud's Five Defense Mechanisms
Repression, Regression, Projection, Displacement, Denial
Three Parts of Mindless Conformity
Contagion, Deindividuation, Risky Shift, Group Think
Informative Social Influence
The power of one person to influce a group b/c of crisis, confusion, control.
Six Case Studies of the Milgrim Experiment
Fred Prozi, Elinor Rosenblum, Pasqual Gino, Bruno Batta, Karen Dontz, Jan Rensaleer
Altruism
We will perfom a pro-social act/maintain a realationship even when we know the cost will exceed the benefits.
Bystander Intervention Decision Tree
Notice the event. Interperet as an emergency. Assume responsibility. Know how to act. Act
Three Causes of Agression
Chemical, Physical, Social
B = F(P + E)
Behavior equals the function of personality plus environment.
Erik Eriksons Eight Stages of Human Development
Trust VS Mistrust; Anatomy VS Shame & Doubt; Initiative VS Guilt; Industry VS Inferiority; Identity VS Role Confusion; Intimacy VS Isolation; Productivity VS Stagnation; Ego Integrity VS Despair
The Stress Process
Stressors > Intervening Factors > Physical Reactions
Stressors
Daily Hassles, Catastrophes, Life Changes
Intervening Factors
Support System, Percieved Contrl, Appraisal of the Situation, Coping Behaviors
Frustration/Aggression Theory
When we feel we are frustrated we act out to person or objects.
The Three Parts of Conformity
Information Social Influence, Normative Social Influence, Mindless Conformity
Psychosis
A severe mental disorder, with or without organic damage, characterized by derangement of personality and loss of contact with reality and causing deterioration of normal social functioning.
Social Exchange Theory
People maintain relationships or perform acts that somehow benefit them. When the costs outweigh the benefits people end relationships or refuse to act in a prosocial manner.
Three Parts of the Normative Social Influence
Private Acceptance, Public Compliance, Social Impact Theory
Concrete Operations
Child uses symbols & can manipulation the symbols logically
Formal Operations
Still has some trouble applying newfound logical abilities to non-concrete (abstract) events.
Nature VS Nurture
Nature > Genetic inheritance
Nurture > Surroundings
Social Validation
We examine the behavior of others to see how to act.
Operant Conditioning
You can create any behavior you want through positive reinforcement. Repetition> Reinforcement > Changes in behavior.
Maslows Hiearchy of Needs (bottom to top)
Physiological Needs, Safety Needs, Belongingness & Love Needs, Esteem Needs, Self Actualization
SOLOMON ASH EXPERIMENT
Line Experiment – Tested conformity –
LITTLE ALBERT EXPERIMENT
Showed infant small furry animals, then showed animals with loud noises and then brought back the animals and the child was scared. Believed he proved that we are born without fear.
Self Actualization
the instinctual need of a human to make the most of their unique abilities
PRISONERS & GUARDS EXPERIMENT
results & conclusion
Conclusions: Behavior due to situation not preexisting pathologies; Unhealthy experiment but the contributions toward science & psychology outweighed the costs; Prisoners & guards is a metaphor for lots of interpersonal relationships.. Results?
PIGEON EXPERIMENT
B.F. Skinner... positive reinforcement & operant conditioning
Nature VS Nurture
Nature > Genetic inheritance
Nurture > Surroundings
Operant Conditioning
You can create any behavior you want through positive reinforcement. Repetition> Reinforcement > Changes in behavior.
Psychoanalysis
The technique of treating pschological disoders by seeking to expse & interpret unconscious tensions.
Psychosis
A severe mental disorder, with or without organic damage, characterized by derangement of personality and loss of contact with reality and causing deterioration of normal social functioning.
Self Concept
Sum total of who you are
Six Case Studies of the Milgrim Experiment
Fred Prozi, Elinor Rosenblum, Pasqual Gino, Bruno Batta, Karen Dontz, Jan Rensaleer
Social Exchange Theory
People maintain relationships or perform acts that somehow benefit them. When the costs outweigh the benefits people end relationships or refuse to act in a prosocial manner.
Social Learning Theory
We observe & imitate those around us.
Social Validation
We examine the behavior of others to see how to act.
Stressors
Daily Hassles, Catastrophes, Life Changes
SUPEREGO
Represents morality -- depends on the rules of authority & social demands -- ideal self.
The Stress Process
Stressors > Intervening Factors > Physical Reactions
The Three Parts of Conformity
Information Social Influence, Normative Social Influence, Mindless Conformity
Three Causes of Agression
Chemical, Physical, Social
Three Parts of Mindless Conformity
Contagion, Deindividuation, Risky Shift, Group Think
Three Parts of the Normative Social Influence
Private Acceptance, Public Compliance, Social Impact Theory