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62 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
usually occurs within 5 to 30 days(up to 90 days) of starting an antipsychotic drugs; characterized by motor restlessness, inability to sit or stand still; individual feels the need to pace, rock or tap foot
group of drugs used to treat the mania episode of manic-depressive illness
group of drugs used to treat serious mental illness, such as being out of touch with reality; they produce a state of tranquility and work on abnormally functioning nerves; same as neuroleptic and major tranquilizers
state of feeling apprehensive, uneasy, uncertian, or in fear of an unknown or recognized threat
same as antianxiety drugs
drugs that suppress the central nervous system; largely replaced by benzodiazepines
drugs that do not exert a general central nervous system depressent effect; act as a muscle relaxant, antianxiety, anticonvusant, and hypnotic
state of psychologically induced immobilization at times interrupted by episodes of extreme agitation
false beliefs that are resistant to reasoning
disorder characterized by a sense of worthlessness or hopelessness and often resulting in inability to carry out normal activites
muscle spasms of the face, tongue, neck, or back; tongue may protrude, and facial grimaces usually occur after doses of antipsychotic drugs
characterized by a minimal psychological, social, and occupational disability
refers to a group of symptoms that are usually related to the close and prolonged administration of antipsychotic drugs
impairment of the special senses (auditory, visual, tactile, olfactory) by which the individual perceives in response to his or her own inner stimulation; that is, beleifs, delusions, feelings, unfulfilled wishes and needs
drug that produces sleep by depressing the central nervous system
sleeplessness, or inability to fall asleep or stay asleep
major depression
characterized by a significant psychological, social and occupational disability
major tranquillizer
drug that is given in psychotic disorders in which an individual is out of touch with reality; same as antipsychotic and neuroleptic
a mood disorder characterized by grandiose behavior, flight of ideas, hyperactivity, poor judgement and aggressiveness
minor tranquilizer
drug that is given to calm anxious or agitated individuals
same as antipschotics and major tranquilizers
mental disorder in which the patient loses touch with reality
mental illness in which psychosis is the classic feature; characterized by hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech, and disorganized behavior
drug that calms without producing sleep
tardive dyskinesia
potentially irreversible neurological side effects of anttipsychotic drugs in which there are involuntary repetitious movements of the face, limbs, and trunk
What are the most commonly abused hallucinogens?
LSD, marijuana, mescaline
What are the most commonly abused narcotics?
herion, methadone, morphine, opium, Demerol
What are the most commonly abused seditives and tranquilizers?
alcohol, barbiturates, Nembutal, Seconal
What are the most commonly abused stimulants?
glue, cocaine, methamphetamines
What does SSRIs stand for?
Serotonin Selective Reuptake Inhibitors
What does MOAs stand for?
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
Name some Tricylic Antidepressents
Name some SSRIs
Name a MAOs
Name some Antianxiety Agents and Sedatives/Hypnotics
Diazepam (Valium)
Chloral hydrate(Noctec)
Name some Antipsychotic agents
Name a Antimanics
Lithium carbonate
(Eskalith, Lithane)
name 2 neurohormones in the CNS that affect emotions?
actelychlorine & norepinephrine
What stimulates transmission of reactions?
What has a inhibitory and excitatory on functions such as sleep, arousal and memory?
norepinphrine & dopamine
What is the transmitter that's alterations in levels is associated with behavior?
what type of drugs bock the effect of dopamine?
what neurotransmitters are believed to play an important role in maintaining mental health?
dopamine, serotonin and histamines
What types of drugs are prescribed for patients with temporary emotional problems or anxiety?
Mild tranquilizers, sedatives and antidepressants
What are the 2 types of depression?
Major depression & dysthymia
What are 3 groups of antidepressants?
MAO monoamine oxidase inhibitor
TCA tricyclic antidepressants
SSRI serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors
What is the action of a Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor?
It increases concentration of epinephrine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine in the CNS by inhibiting MOA
What is the action of a Serotonin Selective Reuptake Inhibitor?
they act to block the reuptake of serotonin
What does a tricyclic antidepressant do?
it increases the concentration of impulse-transmitting chemicals between neurons
What is the difference between seditives and hypnotics?
Both are CNS depressents. Sedatives have a calming effect & decrease nervousness& excitability. Hypnotics produce sleep
What has drug has replaced barbiturates?
Benzodiazepines; they don't produce a generalized CNS depressant effect
What are the most common side effects of benzodiazepines?
drowsiness and decreased coordination
What catagory are benzodiazepines and barbiturates in?
Antianxiety, sedative and hypnotic drugs
What are antipychotics also known as?
neuroleptics and major tranquilizers
What are the main side effects of antipsychotics?
Sedation, blurred vision, orthostatic hypotension, dry mouth, tachycardia,urinary retention, constipation, disorientation and extrapyramidal symptoms(EPS)
What are some of the extrapyramidal symptoms with antipsychotics?
dystonia, akathisia, tardive dskinesia and parkinsonism like symptoms
What are antimanic drugs used to treat?
bipolar disorders
What is the drug of choice for bipolar disorders?
lithium carbonate (Eskalith, Lithane)
What are some of the signs of drug toxicity with lithium?
diahrrhea, vomitting, tremors, lack of coordination, drowsiness and muscular weakness.
Why should someone on lithium avoid salty foods?
lithium and sodium are both actively transported across cell membranes, but lithium cannot be effectively pumped out of the cell as sodium
patients on long term antipsychotic therapy should be monitored for?
extrapyramidal symptoms
what are 4 things that can be done to make seditives/hypnotics more effective?
1)reduce noice level
2)warm bath & back rub
3)listen to patients concerns
4)give patient enough sxercise