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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hind Brain
Medulla
Pons
Cerebellum
Medulla
Pons
Cerebellum
-flow of info between brain and sc
-connects 2 sides of cerebellum, integrates movement in R and L sides of body
-balance, posture, coordinated movement, smaller linked to autism, ataxia if damanged
Midbrain
Reticular Formation
Reticular Activating System
Reticular Formation
from SC into forebrain and affects REM Sleep, coughing, vomiting, has 90 nuclei
Reticular Activating System
in the RF and is vital to consciousness, arousal, wakefulness, damage = disrupted sleep-wake cycle
Thalamus
relay station, transmits all info except olfactory, motor movement, language memory
Korsakoff SYndrome
atropy of neurons in the dorsomedial nucleus of thalamus and mammillary bodies of hypothalamus

caused by thiamine deficiency via alcoholism

anterograde amnesia
Hypothalamus
hunger, thirst, sex, sleep, temp, emotional rxn, movement, maintain homeostasis
suprachiasmatic nucleus
in hypothalamus

mediates sleep-wake cycle

season affective d/o
basal ganglia
caudate nucleus, putamen, globus palladis, substantia nigra

planning, org, coord of motor movement

Huntington's, Parkinson's, Tourette's, mania, depression, OCD, psychosis
Limbic Sysem
Amygdala - attaches emotions to memories, recall of emotionally charged experiences

Hippocampus - learning and memory, processing visual and auditory info, Consolidation of declarative memories
Kluver-Bucy Syndrome
bilaterial lesions on amygdala, resulting in decreased fear and aggression, increased docility, hypersexuality

experiments with monkeys who then age meat
Removal of portions of hippocampus
tx for epilepsy

results in anterograde and retrograde amnesia
Cerebral Cortex
Frontal
Parietal
Temporal
Occipital
Frontal Lobe
MOtor - voluntary movement

PRemotor - Broca's area, controls speech production

Prefrontal - complex bx like memory, exec fxn