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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ACTING OUT
Acting out: Dealing with emotional conflict by actions rather than reflections or feelings. Not just bad behavior, requires evidence that the behavior is related to emotional conflicts
AFFILIATION
Affiliation: Deal with emotional conflict by turning to others for support. Sharing, but not making someone else responsible for the problems.
ALTRUISM
Altruism: Deal with conflict by dedication to meeting the needs of others.
ANTICIPATION
Anticipation: Deal with emotional conflict by experiencing emotional reactions in advance of or anticipating consequences of future events
AUTISTIC FANTASY
Autistic fantasy: Excessive daydreaming as a substitute for human relationships
DENIAL
Denial: Refusing to acknowledge some painful aspect of external reality or subjective experience that would be apparent to others. Psychotic is when gross impairment in reality testing
DEVALUATION
Devaluation: Attributing exaggerated negative qualities to self or others
DISPLACEMENT
Displacement: Transferring feelings about one object to another usually less threatening other object. In contrast to projection: own unacceptable feelings onto other.
DISSOCIATION
Dissociation: Breakdown in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, perception of self or environment, sensory motor behavior. Many defense mechanisms have this. (intellectualization)
HELP-REJECTING COMPLAINING
Help-rejecting complaining: Complaining or making repetitious requests for help that disguise covert feelings of hostility or reproach toward others, which are expressed by rejecting the suggestions, advice or help of others.
HUMOR
Humor: Deal with stress by emphasizing the amusing or ironic aspects of conflict
IDEALIZATION
Idealization: Exaggerating positive qualities of and to others
INTELLECTUALIZATION
Intellectualization: Excessive use of abstract thinking or the making of generalizations to control or minimize disturbing feelings
ISOLATION OF AFFECT
Isolation of affect: Separation of ideas from the feelings originally associated with them. Loses touch with the feelings associated with a given idea while remaining aware of the cognitive elements.
OMNIPOTENCE
Omnipotence: Acting as if he/she possesses special powers or abilities superior to others
PASSIVE AGGRESSION
Passive aggression: Indirectly and unassertively expressing aggression toward others. Façade of overt compliance masking covert resistance, resentment, hostility. Often occurs in response to demands for independent action or performance or lack of gratification of dependent wishes but may be adaptive for people in subordinate positions
PROJECTION
Projection: Falsely attributing another his or her own unacceptable feelings, impulses
PROJECTIVE IDENTIFICATION
Projective identification: Self-fulfilling prophecy. Project onto someone else your feelings, but does not disavow what is projected. Individual remains aware of his or her own affects or impulses and misattributes them as justifiable reactions to the other person.
RATIONALIZATION
Rationalization: Concealing the true motivations for his or her won thoughts through elaboration of reassuring or self-serving but incorrect explanations.
REACTION FORMATION
Reaction formation: Deal with conflict by substituting behavior, thoughts, feelings that are diametrically opposed to his or her unacceptable thoughts or feelings
REPRESSION
Repression: Expelling disturbing wishes, thoughts, or experiences from conscious awareness. The feeling component may remain conscious, detached from its associated ideas. UNCONSCIOUS = defense mechanizm
SELF-ASSERTION
Self-assertion: Deal with stress by expressing his/her feelings directly in a way that is not coercive, manipulative
SELF-OBSERVATION
Self-observation: Reflecting appropriately on own thoughts, feelings, motivations
SPLITTING
Splitting: Compartmentalizing opposite affect states and failing to integrate the positive and negative qualities of self or others into cohesive images. Tend to alternate between polar images.
SUBLIMATION
Sublimation: Channeling potentially maladaptive feelings or impulses into socially acceptable behavior
SUPPRESSION
Suppression: Intentionally avoiding thinking about disturbing problems, wishes. Decide to deal with it later. CONSCIOUS = Coping style.
UNDOING
Undoing: Deal with stress by words or behavior designed to negate or make amends symbolically for unacceptable thoughts, feelings, actions