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51 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The study of physical disorders caused or exacerbated by stress or emotional factors.
Psychophysiology
Disorders in which physical symptoms are caused by psychological factors.
Somatoform disorders
An individual's perception of a potentially stressful event which weighs the event's potential threat against resources available for managing the event.
Cognitive appraisal
Stressful events, ranging form minor annoyances to traumatic experiences.
Stressors
Life changes, both positive and negative, that require adaptation.
Life events
A scale used to rate stress by quantifying the amount of adaptation required by a variety of life events.
Social Readjustment Rating Scale
Ongoing stress related to difficult everyday life circumstances such as poverty or long-term family strife.
Chronic stress
Minor stresses of everyday life.
Daily hassles
Research based on data that is collected as the events being studied are occurring, rather than recalling them retrospectively.
Prospective
Extreme and unusual negative events that invariably cause significant stress.
Catastrohpes
An emotionally overwhelming experience in which there is a possibility of death or serious injury to oneself or a loved one.
Trauma
Persistent, debilitating anxiety symptoms occurring in the wake of a traumatic experience.
Posttraumatic stress disorder
Medical illnesses caused or exacerbated by stress.
Psychophysiological disorders
An extreme form of sympathetic nervous system arousal which prepares humans to flee or attach when faced with danger.
Fight-or-flight response
According to some theories, a three-stage response-- alarm, resistance, and exhaustion-- that occurs when animals (including humans) are faced with chronically stressful circumstances.
General Adaptation Syndrome
A field that investigates the interaction between emotional phenomena and immune system functioning.
Psychoneuroimmunology
Studies in which research participants are deliberately exposed to an infectious agent in order to assess their immune system response.
Viral challenge studies
Foreign substances, such as viruses or bacteria that typically trigger an immune system response.
Antigens
Sub-normal functioning of the immune system.
Immunosuppression
Chronically elevated blood pressure.
Hypertension
Hypertension for which no physiological cause can be found.
Essential hypertension
A medical condition in which the airways to and from the lungs become periodically constricted.
Asthma
Painful headaches that result from the constriction of blood vessels in the cranium and are often heralded by extreme sensitivity to light and sound, dizziness, nausea, or vomiting.
Migraine headaches
A disease characterized by the uncontrolled growth of malignant cells in some part of the body.
Cancer
In cognitive terms, the tendency to make internal, global, and stable explanations of negative events; associated with depression.
Pessimism
In cognitive terms, the tendency to make external, specific, and unstable explanations of negative events; associated with good health.
Optimism
A coping style characterized by general suppression of negative emotions.
Repressive coping
Training people how to calm themselves by regulating their breathing and attending to bodily sensations.
Relaxation training
Training people to attend to and partially control autonomic physiological functions with the help of visual feedback.
Biofeedback training
An intervention designed to enhance or maintain adaptive coping strategies and decrease maladaptive coping strategies.
Cognitive-behavioral stress management
Physical disorders that are intentionally produced, or faked, because the person wants to be perceived as sick.
Factitious disorders
A term used for centuries to describe a syndrome of neurological-seeming symptoms without a neurological cause, now classified as conversion disorder.
Hysteria
The act of purposely feigning illness in order to get out of an obligation.
Malingering
Specific symptoms or deficits in voluntary motor or sensory functions with no physiological cause.
Conversion disorder
Recurrent pain, gastrointestinal, sexual, and pseuodneurological symptoms without a physiological cause.
Somatization disorder
Physical pain without a physiological explanation.
Pain disorder
Preoccupation with the fear of contracting, or the mistaken idea that one has, a serious disease.
Hypochondriasis
Preoccupation with an imagined or exaggerated defect in physical appearance.
Body dysmorphic disorder
The relief of anxiety that occurs when an emotional conflict is converted into a physical symptom.
Primary gain
The desired attention and concern from others that results from the "sick" role.
Secondary gain
A defense mechanism consisting of the forgetting of painful mental content.
Repression
A defense mechanism that involves a return to childlike behavior in order to avoid anxieties associated with progressive development.
Regression
A defense mechanism in which feelings about someone or something are unconsciously shifted onto someone or something else
Displacement
Learning based on observing and imitating the behavior of others; see also; social/observational learning.
Modeling
In operant conditioning theory, any reaction to a behavior that increases the probability that the behavior will be repeated.
Reinforcement
The anxious magnification of minor physical sensations, such as in people with hypochondriasis.
Amplification
Cognitive term for the tendency to view minor problems as major catastrophes.
Catastrophizing
A behavioral intervention in which people are encouraged to confront a frightening through or situation and then prevented from encaging in anxiety-reducing behaviors.
Exposure and response prevention
Therapy techniques that focus on changing irrational and problematic thoughts.
Cognitive restructuring
The presence of two or more disorders in one person, or a general association between two or more different disorders.
Comorbidity
Disorder in which an individual convinces themselves, through a process akin to self-hypnosis, that they have lost some form of physical functioning.
Auto-suggestive disorder