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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Environment
Every nongentic influence; from prenatal nurture to the people and things around us.
Behavior Genetics
The study of relative power and limits of genetics and environmental influences on behavior.
Chromosomes
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules containing genes.
DNA
Complex molecule that contains genetic information that makes up a chromosome.
Genes
single,biochemical unit that makes up a chromosome.
Genome
Complete intructions on making an organism; consists of all genetic material.
Identical Twins
Twins who develop from a single fertilized egg that splits into two.
Fraternal Twins
Twins who develop from seperate fertilized eggs at the same time.
Temperament
A persons charecteristic emotional reactivity and intensity.
Heritability
The mathematical proportion of variation among indivduals that can determine what came from his or her genes.
Interaction
Occurs when the effect of one factor (the environment) depends on another factor (heredity).
Molecular Genetics
The subfield of biology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes.
Evolutionary Psychology
Study of the evolution of behavior and the mind using principals of natural selection.
Natural Selection
Principal that those who are better advanced in reproduction and survival will most likely pass that on to further generations.
Mutation
A random error in gene replication that leads to a change.
Culture
Behaviors, ideas, attitudes, values, and traditions that are passed on through generation.
Norm
Understood rule for accepted and unaccepted behavior.
Personal Space
The buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies.
Indivdualism
Defining ones own attitude and goals seperate from a groups.
Collectivism
Giving priority to goals of a group and defining ones indentity accordingly.
Aggression
Physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone.
X-Chromosome
sex determining chromosome
XY=MALE XX=FEMALE
Y-Chromosome
found only in males
Testosterone
Most important hormone in males that stimulates growth. (Also found in females.)
Role
Set of explanations of social position, defining how that person should behave
Gender Role
Set of expected behaviors for males and females.
Gender Identity
One's sense of being male or female
Gender Typing
The acquistion of traditional masculine and feminine roles
Social Learning Theory
Theory that we learn social behaviors by observing or imatating and reward or punishment.
Gender Schema Theory
Theory that childeren learn from culture what it means to be a male or female and adjust behavior accordingly.