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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and the mind
Behavior
Any activity that can be observed, recorded, and measured
Mind
All conscious and unconscious mental states
Dualism
The assumption that the body and mind are separate, though perhaps interacting, entities
Monism
The mind and bady are one and the same
Wilhelm Wundt
Founded the first laboritory dedicated to the scientific study of the mind
Introspection
Wundt's methods of having trained observers report on their conscious,moment-to-moment reactions to tones, visual displays, and other stimuli
William James
Wrote the first psych text book
Sigmund Freud
Introduced Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis
Freud's theory of personality and method of psychotherapy, both of which assume the importance of unconscious processes
Behaviorism
A school of thought that defines psycholgy as the science of observable behavior
B.F. Skinner
Coined the term reinforcement, invented an apparatus for use in testing animals and demonstrated in numerous experiments wth rats and pigeons that behaior is controlled by reward contingencies in the enviornment
Cognition
A general term that refers to mental processes such as thinking, Knowing, and remembering
Basic research
"pure science" research that tests thories and builds a foundation of knowledge
Applied research
Research that aims to solve practical human problems