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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Piaget 1
Sensorimotor -- acquire info. about the world through their senses and respond reflexively, object permanence
Piaget 2
Preoperational -- children think symbolically about objects, but reason is based on appearance, not logic
Piaget 3
Concrete operational -- think about and understand operations in ways that are reversible
Piaget 4
Formal operational -- ability to think abstractly and formulate and test hypotheses through deduction
Kohlberg 1
Preconventional -- self-interest and pleasurable outcomes
Kohlberg 2
Conventional -- conform to rules of law and order, focuses on others' disapproval
Kohlberg 3
Postconventional -- complex reasoning about abstract principles and values
Erickson 1
Infancy -- trust vs. mistrust (children learn that the world is safe)
Erickson 2
Toddler -- autonomy vs. shame and doubt (children encouraged to explore and gain feelings of independence and positive self-esteem)
Erickson 3
Preschool -- initiative vs. guilt (children develop sense of purpose by taking responsibilities, capacity to feel guilty as well)
Erickson 4
Childhood -- industry vs. inferiority (working with others, children feel competent)
Erickson 5
Adolescence -- ego identity vs. role confusion (exploration of different social roles, find sense of identity)
Erickson 6
Young adulthood -- intimacy vs. isolation (ability to commit to long-term relationships)
Erickson 7
Middle adulthood -- generativity vs. stagnation (sense of contribution to the future and care for future generations)
Erickson 8
Old age -- integrity vs. despair (feel a sense of satisfaction that they have lived a good life and developed wisdom)