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12 Cards in this Set

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Cohen (1967
found that babies who were restless and crying for a feed became quicker with practice at recognising the nipple, stopping crying and commencing sucking.
Binns (1965)
He studied babies less than 5 days old and found clear differences in babies’ reactions to being suddenly disturbed.
investigated whether infants could recognise their mothers by smell alone. She found that at two days old infants would turn their heads towards a stranger’s breast pad as often as they did towards their mother’s. However, by the time they were ten days old they showed a definite preference for that of their mother’s.
Konrad Lorenz
an Austrian ethologist (a scientist who studies animals in their natural environment) was one of the first to study this aspect of animal behaviour. Imprinting refers to an inbuilt tendency for a young animal to follow a moving object with which it forms an attachment.
refers to an inbuilt tendency for a young animal to follow a moving object with which it forms an attachment.
suggests that the infant possesses a number of inborn behaviour patterns, such as following, clinging, sucking, smiling and crying, which serve to bind the child to his mother from the beginning. He calls this attachment behaviour.
Schaffer and Callender
Just the ability to recognise the mother is apparently not sufficient to constitute the formation of an attachment bond.They found that infants did not protest at being separated from their mothers until approximately 7 months of age – long after they were able to recognise her.
distinguished between infants who are securely attached and those who are insecurely attached. The basic difference between the mothers of these two different types of infants was their sensitivity. By this Ainsworth means the extent to which the mother could detect her infant’s signals, interpret them correctly and respond promptly and appropriately
Schaffer and Emerson
1964) followed the progress of 60 Scottish infants from a few weeks old to 18 months. They noted the responses of the infants to being left alone by their mother in several situations, for example being left alone in a room or being put down after being held.
Mary Ainsworth
conducted a cross-cultural study into the development of attachment behaviour among the Ganda people of Uganda in East Africa and Americans.
Bartholomew (1993)
Bartholomew gathered evidence that adults also feel a desire for closeness with an attachment figure, especially under stressful conditions, and a sense of security derived from that attachment.
provided probably the best-known evidence that certainly attachment amongst infant monkeys and their mothers is more than just ‘cupboard love’.