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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
construct referring to a set of abilities
Intelligence is the ability to:
* classify patterns
* modify behavior adaptively
* reason deductively
* develop and use conceptual models
* understand
Spearman's G
* they may have strengths, but it is likely if you are high, you will be relatively high on all "intelligence" tasks
* and vice versa
Gardner's Multiple Intelligence
each intelligence is distinct and independent
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory
1. componential intelligent behavior- book smart
2. experiential intelligent behavior- creative
3. contextual intelligent- street smart
Intelligent Testing
- Standford-Binet (SB)
- Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
- Wechsler Intelligence for Children (WISC)
Intelligence and Job Performance
correlations range between +.20 and +.70
Intelligence and Academic Achievement
correlation around +.50
"Academic" and "Practical" Intelligence
correlation generally around +.20 or lower
everything except the central nervous system
James-Lang Theory
"We are afraid because we run"
Cannon-Bard Theory
"We run because we are afraid"
* we feel what we decide based on what is going on around us
Misattribution of Arousal
think arousal is coming from one place but is from another
Motivation (in the workplace):
Instinct Theroy
all behavior is reflexive at some level
Motivation (in the workplace):
Drive Reduction Theory
behavior is motivated to preserve homeostatis--> body likes to be just satisfied
Motivations (workplace):
Incentive Theory
we behave to achieve certain goals
Industrial-organizational Psychology (I/O)
psychological theories in methods to evaluate and improve workplaces
Intrinsic Motivation
comes from an inherent pleasure you experience while doing the task
Extrinsic Motivation
comes from the rewards given to you externally for doing a task
Issue of Overjustification
When one is rewarded for doing a task:
- it may be their joy for the task (intrinsic)
- it may be the reward they get (extrinsic)
Deci and Ryan
* activity will increase during reward
* activity is reduced after reward is withdrawn
Eisenberger and Cameron
* verbal reward increase activity after reward- variable interval conditioning
Equity Theory
* workers who receieve rewards higher or lower than coworkers with equlivalent contributions are under or overpaid
* only exists if you think you are getting paid exactly what you deserve
What happens to those who think they are over or underpaid?
* underpaid- will decrease performace
* overpaid- will increase performance
a state of concentration so focused that it amounts to absolute absorption in an activiy
Creating Optimal Experience
Perfect match between:
* task difficulty (challenge)
* level of ability (skill)
desire to establish social contacts with each other
The Proximity Effect
who you are near, increased oppurtunity
Mere Exposure Effect
who you see often, increased familiarity
Two Limitations of Mere Exposure
1. if you initially dislike someone, repeated exposure will make it worse
2. with overexposure, the effect is worse
Evolutionary Theory
*Males- low investment, motivated to mate with attractive mates often
*Females- high investment, motivated to mate with mates with resources selectively
Females value traits related to:
resource acquistion
Males value traits related to:
reproductive capacity
US data: Men and women agree on top five triats
sense of humor, intelligence, kindness, maturity, and loyalty
Women would not settle for less in:
* responsiveness
* social status
* interpersonal power
Men would not settle for less in:
* attractiveness
Deceiver's Distrust Phenomenon
* if you tell a lie, there is a threat to your ego
* this motivates you to protect you ego
* you do this by believing that others are not honest either (false consensus)
How will the first date go?
* we like people who are similar to us
* we like people like us (reciprocity)
* we like people who are socially selective
What is Stress?
* pro and neg life events can cause stress
* greater when events are unpredictable
* greater when events are uncontrollable
Sympathetic Nervous System
* responsible for flight or fight response
* Epinephrine and Norepinephrine released
What happens during stress?
* pupil dilation
* salivation
* increases heartbeat
* relaxes bladder
responisble for starting fight or flight response- located in the temporal lobe, limbic system
Fast track
adrenal glands-->nor and epinerphrine
Slow Track
HPA axis-->adrenal glands--> glucocorticoids
Dual Nature of Stress:
Short Term
* energy mobilization
* inhibition of inflammation
* resistance to infection
* increased blood flow
Dual Nature of Stess:
Long Term
* enlarged adrenal glands
* gastric ulcers
* increased susceptibility to infection
* and much more
Type A Personality
* increased risk of heart disease
* most likely due to hostile component of personality
* inability to express anger
Type D Personality
* similar to type A
* increased role of social anxiety
Social Affiliation
reduces basline experience of stress
thinking about thinking