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67 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Psychic Determinism
All actions and thoughts are determined by events in the past
Think about what each word means.
Unconscious Motivation
Freudian slips, dream analysis
Conflict
People are always in it. Competing instincts - life/death
Id
No regard for consiquences. Pleasure principle
Ego
Obeys reality principle.
Defense mechanisms
Psychic Determinism
All actions and thoughts are determined by events in the past
Think about what each word means.
Unconscious Motivation
Freudian slips, dream analysis
Conflict
People are always in it. Competing instincts - life/death
Id
No regard for consiquences. Pleasure principle
Ego
Obeys reality principle.
Defense mechanisms
Super Ego
Punishes ego for not keeping Id in check.
Repression
Defence Mech.
if is it too painful, block it out
Rationalization
assigning "acceptable" reason for behavior
Reaction Formation
replace anxiety motivation with the opposite
Projection
project desirable instincts onto someone else
Displacement
Taking anger out on someone or something else
Denial
refuse to accept reality of impulses
Regression
reverts to earlier stage of development
Oral Stage
over eat, smoke, chewing
Anal Stage
anal retentive, hording, collecting, organized

or

anal repulsive, messy, disorganized, aggressive
Phallic Stage
Oedipal conflict, deveopment of super ego
Latency
repressed sexual feelings
Genital
evidence of sexual fixations, puberty
Freud's Ideas

Pro
Con
Pro - pioneer in development of personality in childhood, idea of unconscious mind
Con - not a lot of support, based on case studies
Trait
stabble quality that characterises you in situations over time
Cattell 16 PF
over 200 traits
looks at traits to try to predict things
McCrae Big 5
Extraversion
sociable, fun-loving, affectionate
McCrae Big 5
Emotional Stability
calm, secure, self-satisfied
McCrae Big 5
Agreeableness
soft hearted, trusting, helpful
McCrae Big 5
Openness
Imaginative, variety, independent
McCrae Big 5
Conscientiousness
"will to achieve"
well organized, careful, seld-disciplined
McCrae Big 5 Critique
too simple, don't always predict situations, can't predict behavior, didn't explain development of behavior
Objective Tests
MMPI
Psychiatric profile, paper and profile tests, 567 questions
Projective Tests
TAT, Rorschach
Ink blots, tell story about picture
Jerome Kagan Reactivity Tests
Infants
Genetically different, exibit traits later in life
Heredity and Traits
Identical twins, personality differences
Influence of parents and peers
parents - religion, study habits, not personality

peers - shape behaviors
Amish Cultural differences
forgiveness, non aggresive
Maslow
study self-actualized (strive to be good) if basic needs are met than can be self-actualized
Cattell 16 PF
over 200 traits
looks at traits to try to predict things
McCrae Big 5
Extraversion
sociable, fun-loving, affectionate
McCrae Big 5
Emotional Stability
calm, secure, self-satisfied
McCrae Big 5
Agreeableness
soft hearted, trusting, helpful
McCrae Big 5
Openness
Imaginative, variety, independent
McCrae Big 5
Conscientiousness
"will to achieve"
well organized, careful, seld-disciplined
McCrae Big 5 Critique
too simple, don't always predict situations, can't predict behavior, didn't explain development of behavior
Objective Tests
MMPI
Psychiatric profile, paper and profile tests, 567 questions
Projective Tests
TAT, Rorschach
Ink blots, tell story about picture
Jerome Kagan Reactivity Tests
Infants
Genetically different, exibit traits later in life
Heredity and Traits
Identical twins, personality differences
Influence of parents and peers
parents - religion, study habits, not personality

peers - shape behaviors
Amish Cultural differences
forgiveness, non aggresive
Maslow
study self-actualized (strive to be good) if basic needs are met than can be self-actualized
Carl-Rogers
self-theory
man is basically good
natural tendency to grow and develop
Self-concept
way ones sees themself is same as they want to be
Unconditional positive regard
accept who children are, kids accept themselves
Conditions of worth
can't accept who they really are
Critique with Humanistic Theory
Pros-helped with education, encourageing, counceling

Cons-no past experiences involved, unrealistic
Stress and Illness
cronic stress, poverty, loss of loved one, job, noise
Alarm Phase
fight or flight, sympathetic
Resistance Phase
leaves body vulnerable to illness, body tries to cope with stress
Exhaustion Phase
very vulnerable to illness
Hormones and stress
Cortisol and adrenalin
Milgrim Studies
Obedience, people didn't want to but did
Locus of Control
how much control one thinks they have over the environment
Internal
have control, cause things to happen

Benefits - try harder, healthier (control over health)
External
Don't have control