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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
He developed the IQ test used today
David Wechsler
He said IQ is general (g) and may have some specific (s) abilities
Charles Spearman
He said intelligence is made up of analytical, practical, and creative factors
Robert Sternberg
He developed an IQ test to identify school children with special needs
Alfred Binet
He said intelligence is mostly inherited
Sir Francis Galton
It operates according to the reality principal
Ego
Freud said we use these to reduce our anxiety
Defensive Mechanisms
It is the first part of personality to develop-- holds most of our psychic energy
Id
It operates according to the pleasure principal
Id
It is the last part of personality to develop-- morals and values
Superego
He came up with the Psychodynamic
Theory of Personality
Sigmund Freud
He developed the Hierarchy of Needs
Abraham Maslow
He contributed much to research in self-efficacy and social cognitive theory
Albert Bandura
Using factor analysis, he came up with 35 source traits
Raymond Cattell
He developed the ink blot test
Rorschach
Locus of control in which person controls outcomes
Internal
Inkblots and TAT are examples of _________ tests
Projective
Belief that one has the ability to perform tasks to achieve desired outcomes
Self-efficacy
Locus of control in which the environment controls outcomes
External
For Myers-Briggs, a personality of ESFP stands for?
Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceptive
Tests of ability are called __________
Aptitude
The accuracy of a measurement
Validity
IQ score is calculated by dividing _______ age by chronological age
Mental
Tests about what has been learned are called __________
Achievement
The consistency of a measurement
Reliability
Pushes anxiety causing thoughts into unconscious awareness
Repression
Channels impulses into socially acceptable behaviors
Sublimation
Kicking the dog instead of kicking the boss
Displacement
Refusing to acknowledge anxiety producing thoughts
Denial
The thief thinks everyone is a thief
Projection
The Big Five is an example of ________ theory
Trait
Emphasizes past and childhood experiences
Psychodynamic
Emphasizes human growth and development
Humanistic
Emphasizes learning and the environment
Social-Cognitive
The theory of personality covered in your text, but not in class
Biological
Seyle's three-stage pattern of the body's reaction to stress
General Adaptation Syndrome
According to Seyle, in which stage does the body exert an all-out effort to combat stress?
Resistance
_________-focused coping deals directly with the problem
Problem
This model helps to determine if a person is likely to seek treatment or make a lifestyle change
Health Belief Model
The first stage in the Transtheoretical Model of Chage
Precontemplation
T/F-A trait is a characteristic pattern of behavior?
true
T/F-Freud's Psychodynamic Theory of personality is widely accepted today?
false
T/F-Most personality traits change from day to day.
false
T/F-Research has shown that most people repress painful memories.
false
T/F- the Humanistic theory of personality emphasizes healthy growth and self-understanding.
true
T/F-The elderly are happies when they do not have to make their own decisions.
true
T/F- Psychological facotors do not affect health and ell-being
false
T/F-Many leadin cause of death are due to lifestyle behavior
true
T/F- Positive life events, such as marriage and job promotions, can be sources of stress
true
T/F-Aerobic exercise can reduce stres, depression, and anxiety.
true
T/F-Social support promotes good health
true
T/F-Religious faith and health show a strong positive correlation
true