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20 Cards in this Set

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Schemas
A mental structure that organizes percetual imput and connects it with the appropriate responses. (Piaget's theory)
Assimilation
The process that allows use of existing schemas to take in new sets of stumuli and respond accordingly. (Piaget's theory)
Accommodation
The process that results in schemas' changing as necessary to cope with a broader range of situations. (Piaget's theory)
Object Permanence
The understanding that objects (including people) continue to exist even when they cannot be immediately perceived
Conservation
The Plagetian principle that certain properties of objects, such as amount or mass, remain the same even when their appearance changes, provided that nothing is added or removed.
Egocentrism
the inability to take another person's point of view. (Piaget;s theory)
Concrete Operations
A (reversible) manipulation of the mental representation of perceived events and actions that corresponds to the actual physical manipulation. (Piaget's theory)
Formal Operations
A mental act that can be performed (and reversed) even with an abstract concept. (Piaget's theory)
Attachment
An emotional bond that leads us to want to be with someone and to miss him or her when we are seperated.
Seperation anxiety
Fear of being away form the primary caregiver.
Self-Concept
The beliefs, desires, values, and attributes that define a person to himself or herself.
Psychosocial Development
The effects of maturation and learning on personality and relationships.
Social Psychology
The subfield of psychology that focuses on how people think about other people and interact in relationships and groups.
Social Cognition
The area of social psychology that focuses on how people perceive their social worlds and how they attend to, store, remember, and use information about other people and the social world.
Attitude
An overall evaluation about some aspect of the world.
Cognitive Dissonance
The uncomfortable state that arises because of a discrepancy between an attitude and behavior or between two attitudes.
Stereotype
A belief (or set of beliefs) about people in a particular social category.
Prejudice
An attitude (generally negative) toward members of a group.
Attributions
An explanation for the cause of an event or behavior.
External Attributions
An explanation of someone's behavior that focuses on the situation; also called SITUATIONAL ATTRIBUTIONS