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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Selection ratio
The number of job openings divided by the number of job applicants.
High selection ratio
Most people who apply are being hired (this is preferable from a job applicant’s point of view)
Low selection ratio
Only a small number of people applying are being hired. This is much more challenging when you’re looking for a job.
What is Title VII of the Civil Rights Act 1964?
An Act which states that you cannot make employment decisions, can’t segregate, can’t train or not train due to: race, color, religion, sex, national origin. i.e. you can’t limit people based on these variables, personal characteristics.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act (1978) states what?
It states that if you are between 40 and 70 you cannot be told you are too old for a job. If you are 16 or 25 and you are told you are too young for a job, there’s nothing you can do about it.
Americans with Disabilities Act (1992)
Requires organizations to make reasonable accommodations for individuals with disabilities. ‘Qualified’ is open to interpretation.
The Act states what are disabilities and what are not. What are some examples of characteristics that are disabilities?
Neurological disorders, HIV, epilepsy
What are some examples of characteristics that ARE NOT disabilities?
Exhibitionism, pedophilia,
Define adverse impact
A type of unfair discrimination (which is not illegal) in which the result of using a particular personnel selection method has a negative effect on protected group members compared with majority group members.
Define disparate treatment
Disparate treatment – a type of unfair discrimination in which protected group members are afforded differential procedures in consideration for employment compared with majority group members.
If an organization is shown to be hiring on the basis of adverse impact, what are 2 things they can do?
1. Show that their selection devices are valid (eg. physical strength requirement for firefighters, therefore females don't pass strength test)
2. State that it is a business necessity (would not be appropriate for males to model for a maternity catalogue)
List 3 types of factors that affect work performance.
Environmental constraints
What does the EEOC do?
Enforces employment laws related to civil rights.