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44 Cards in this Set

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Alturism
one that presents some sacrafice to the doer but results in a genetic advantage to the species, helping another at some rist to oneself
Anterograde amnesia
sufferer will not be able to remember anything that occurs after his attention is shifted away from one subject for more than a few seconds.
Articulation
stores material in short-lived verbal codes
Anomic aphasia
subject has difficulty remembering or recognizing names which the subject should know well. The subject speaks fluently and grammatically and has normal comprehension, and the only deficit is trouble with "word finding," that is, finding appropriate words for what they mean to say
Association
each idea has its own identity and forms a link enterohimeo cortex
Broca's aphasia
speech is difficult to initiate, non-fluent, labored, and halting. Intonation and stress patterns are deficient. Language is reduced to disjointed words and sentence construction is poor.
Capacity
maximum amount of info that can be contained
Confabulation
confusion of imagination with memory, and/or the confusion of true memories with false memories
Counduction aphasia
speech is fluent
comprehension remains good
oral reading is poor
repetition is poor
transpositions of sounds within a word ("television" → "velitision") are common.
Copy theory
make mental image of something
Distributionist
memories are held in various areas of the brain
Dualism
Descartes, body and immaterial soul
Darwin
developed natural selection
Explicit memory
consists of information stored and retrieved explicitly from the external world. This information is about a specific event that has occurred at a specific time and place.
Eusociality
highly organized social structure including a distinct caste of sterile female workers
Epistemology
concerned with the nature of human learning
Efficiency
production of desired effects with minimum waste of time and skills
Fusion
parahypocamal and perninal by which ideas are bonded together so perfectly that they can no longer be seperated
Haplodiploidy
female mates with a male and holds sperm and finds colony.

w/o fert=male
w/ fert=female
Hippocampus proper
plays a part in memory and navigation.
Idealism
eliminate the actual object
Implicit memory
is the long-term memory of skills and procedures, or "how to" knowledge
Inclusive fitness
encompasses conventional Darwinian fitness with the addition of behaviors that contribute to an organism’s individual fitness through altruism. An organism’s ultimate goal is to leave the maximum number of viable offspring possible, thereby keeping their genes present within a population.
Kin-selection
selfish altruism, the risk of your own genes is outweighed by the benefit of your genes carried by relatives
Localization
the localization of the control of special functions, as of sight or of the various movements of the body, in special regions of the brain.
Aphasia
loss of grammar or syntax
Mutations
abrupt changes in genes, can be caused by exposures to radiation and certain chemicals, perhaps by viral infection
Natural selection
Darwin, Species adapt to changes in their world, selected by the environment, selection allow for sucess in competition to survive
Neural plasticity
brains natural ability to form new conections
Parahippocamal gyrus
plays a part in memory and navigation.
Paraphasia
Paraphasia refers to the production of unintended syllables, words, or phrases during the effort to speak
Pragmatist
believes just because we are wrong about one thing does not mean we are wrong about all things
Pragmatism
just because we are wrong about one thing does not mean we are wrong about all things
Prosody
refers to intonation, rhythm, and vocal stress in speech.
Realism
eliminate the copy and have the object
Repetition
repeting over and over
Retrograde amnesia
form of amnesia where someone will be unable to recall events that occurred before the onset of amnesia
Selectivity
Selectivity, the ability to notice/distinguish small differences
Skepticism
our mental copies do not correspond to reality
Transcortical aphasia
1) transcortical sensory aphasia: comprehension is impaired, output fluent and may even include jargon, and repetition is relatively good.

2) transcortical motor aphasia: comprehension and repetition very good, but very little spontaneous speech output.
Wernicke's aphasia
caused by neurological damage to Wernicke's area in the brain. Speech is preserved but language content is incorrect
Word finding
searching for the correct words to use
Writing
inscribing characters
Verbal fluency
how quick you can deliver words