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36 Cards in this Set

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a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher
operant conditioning
rewarded behavior is likely to recur
law of effect
law of effect
rewarded behavior is likely to recur
an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need
primary reinforcer
primary reinforcers:
________ a ___________ ________
satisfy
biological need
a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer
conditioned reinforcer
a.k.a. secondary reinforcer
conditioned reinforcer
reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs
continuous reinforcement
reinforcing response only part of the time
partial reinforcement
result of partial reinforcement
slower acquisition of a response
much greater resistance to extinction
reinforces after you do certain number of behaviors
fixed-ratio schedule
get a free coffee after buying 9 coffees
fixed-ratio schedule
reinforces a response after unpredictable amount of responses
variable-ratio schedule
pop quizzes/ gambling
variable-ratio schedule
reinforces response after certain amount of time elapses
fixed-interval schedule
dont get reinforcer till friday to wait till friday to do behavior
fixed-interval schedule
reinforces response at unpridtable time intervals
variable-interval schedule
dont know when its coming so do it early
variable-interval schedule
punishment: an event that _________ the behavior it follows
decreases
an event that decreases the behavior it follows
punishment
positive reinforcement:
_______ ________ stimulus
add desirable
negative reinforcement:
_______ _________ stimulus
remove adversive
positive punishment:
________ _________ stimulus
add adversive
negative punishment:
_______ _________ stimulus
remove desirable
getting a hug
positive reinforcement
seat belt noise turning off
negative reinforcement
spanking
positive punishment
time out
negative punishment
cognitive process man
julian rotter
julian rotters formula:
BP = F (E + RV)
likelihood that you'll do certain behavior
behavior potential
how likely you think you'll recieve reinforcer
expectancy
if you're full and see your fav meal, ________ ________ is not so high
reinforcement value
cognitive process practices the idea that ____________ ____ __________ _____ _________
feelings are involved in learning
learning by observing others
observational learning
the bobo clown experiment
bandua's experiments