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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Empiricism
the view that (a) knowledge comes from experience via the senses, and (b) science flourishes through observation and experiment.
Structuralism
an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind.
Functionalism
a school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavioral processes function—how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish.
Psychology
the science of behavior and mental processes.
Basic Research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base.
Applied Research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems.
Clinical Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.
Psychiatry
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psychological therapy.
The Hebrew believed...
mind and body are connected.
Aristotle believed... [mind vs. body]
mind and body are connected.
Augustine believed... [mind vs. body]
mind and body are connected.
Socrates believed... [mind vs. body]
mind and body are distinct.
Plato believed... [mind vs. body]
mind and body are distinct.
Descartes believed... [mind vs. body]
mind and body are distinct.
Socrates believed... [ideas]
ideas are inborn.
Plato believed... [ideas]
ideas are inborn.
Aristotle believed... [ideas]
mind is a blank slate.
Locke believed... [ideas]
mind is a blank slate.