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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
difference betw/ abnormal and normal
totem and taboo
taboo against incest-wouldn't have taboo if we didn't have the motive/want
strong feelings in one direction--move in the opposite direction
oral psychosexual stage
dependence (0-1)
anal psychosexual stage
emphasis on toilet training (2-3) control
phallic psychosexual stage
4-5 yrs nervous about masculinity
latent psychosexual stage
(6-12) sexual drive doesn't appear properly if fixated
studied birth order, middle child tries to catch up, eldest feels displaced
Henry Murray
need based personality
alpha presses
reality based
beta presses
psychologically constructed characteristics
aggression-alpha and beta examples
alpha--people are actually acting on aggression towards me
beta--people don't like me
personality (in terms of presses)
relationship between needs and presses
links needs to presses
serial thema
unity thema
common need/press relationships
psych. core of individual---unique set
trait theory--predisposition to respond in a similar manner to various kinds of stimuli big 5
according to allport, traits:
have more than nominal existence, more generalized than habits and are assumed to be causes of behavior. can be studied empirically and independently
how important is a trait for an individual
as a group then compare individual to group
types of allport traits:
-building blocks of personality
-powerful focus, everyone doesn't have this (Gandhi-peace)
functional autonomy
past motives can't be used to explain present behavior "here and now"
carl rogers
clinical psychology
self-actualizing tendency (tabula rosa-clean slate)
conditions of Rogers's self worth
mental health achieved through receiving unconditional self regard--self worth independent of environment
problems in self worth occur when:
incongruity between self concept and environmental feedback is very large--threat may capsize a person's self worth
buried trait theory, claiming that traits do not map behavior

others contended that he used a study in which the trait was broad while the behavior was specific (religiousity)
social psychology
no kids, no rats, no crazies
Lewin founder
illusory correlation
2 unusual events occur together--assume causal linkage
attributional processes
describe how we make judgements about why people do things
correspondent inference
how closely does your inference correspong to what the person did
why do people have attitudes?
instrumental-means to an end
value-expresses values
ego defensive-hole attitude to protect weakness
structural-structuaralize ideas, make sense of the world
fishburn's and ajzen's reasons why behavior may not reflect attitudes
action, target, context, time
types of attitude change
compliance-public not private
identification-real change but no depth
internalization-reevaluate attitudes
social psychology in America
what forms behavior?
attitudes, beliefs, and norms form intentions. intentions may or may not lead to behavior
elaboration likelyhood model
central-internalize info=change
peripheral-don't process or elaborate=no change
innoculation effect
weak arguments given in order to bolster defences against them
dissonance theory
if a person acts contrary to their attitudes, they change their attitudes
lines, conform publically not privately
autokinetic effect-light on wall-person conforms publically and privately
normative vs informational social influence
when judgement is unamgiguous people do not look to others for answers
johnny rocko study
is one person is counter-opinionated, group debate with them exclusively, may reject the outsider
minority influence
must be distinct from the group, cannot change/compromise
leadership dimensions
task vs social
1administration 2 interpolation 3 create and change structure
push pull of motivation
drive reduction (seeking to reduce arousal) vs incentive (external reward)
display rules
norms that regulate the approprate expression of emotions. They prescribe when, how, and to whom people can show various emotions
james-lange theory of emotion
conscious experience of emotion results from one's perception of autonomic arousal
cannon-bard theory of emotion
emotion occurs when the thalamus sends signals to the cortexand teh autonomous nervous system
schachter's two-factor theory
emotion depends on autonomic arousal and cognitive interpretation of that arousal