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74 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
the needs, wants and desires that propel people in certain directions
motives
an internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce tension
drive
an external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior
incentive
proposes that the body monitors fat-cell levels to keep them (and weight) fairly stable
set-point theory
the need to master difficult challenges, to outperform others, and to meet high standards of excellence
achievment motive
involves a subjective conscious experience accompanied by bodily arousal and by characteristic overt expressions
emotion
4 basic emotions
fear, disgust, happiness, anger
experience of emotion depends on autonomic arousal AND cognitive interpretation of that arousal
schachter-singer theory
the awareness that physical quantities remain constant in spite of changes in their shape or appearance
conservation
the tendancy to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects
centration
the inability to envision reversing an action
irreversibility
characterized by a limited ability to share another person's point of view
egocentrism
the belief that all things are living
animism
a durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations
personality
correlations among variables are analyzed to identify closely related clusters of variables
factor analysis
five factor model of personality
OCEAN
characterized as outgoing, sociable, upbeat, friendly, assertive, and gregarious
extraversion
tend to be anxious, hostile, self-coucious, insecure, and vulnerable
neuroticism
curiosity, flexibility, vivid fantasy, imaginativeness, artistic sensitivity, and unconventional attitudes
openness to expereience
tend to be sympathetic, trusting, copperative, modest and straightforward
agreeableness
tend to be diligent, disciplined, well organized, punctual, and dependable
conscientiousness
the id, ego, and the superego
structure of personality
creating false but plausible excuses to justify unacceptable behavior
rationalization
keeping distressing thoughts and feelings buried in the unconcious
repression
attributing one's own thoughts, feelings, or motives to another
projection
diverting emotional feelings from their original source to a substitute target
displacement
behaving in a way that's exactly the opposite of one's true feelings
reaction formation
a reversion to immature patterns of behavior
regression
bolstering self-esteem by forming an imaginary or alliance with some person or group
identification
a theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only obervable behavior
behaviorism
the idea that internal mental events, external environmental events, and overt behavior all influence one another
reciprocal determinism
refers to one's belief about one's ability to perform behaviors that should lead to expect outcomes
self-efficacy
a theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth
humanism
a collection of beliefs about one's own nature, unique qualities, and typical behavior
self-concept
proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease
medical model
involves distinguishing one illness from another
diagnosis
refers to the apparent causation and developmental history of an illness
etiology
a forecase about the probably course of an illness
prognosis
a class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety
anxiety disorders
marked by chronic, high level of anxiety that is not tied to any specific threat
anxiety disorder
marked by a persistent and irrational fear of an object or situation that presents no realistic danger
phobic disorder
recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly and unexpectedly
panic disorder
marked by persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts and urges to engage in senseless ritual
OCD
physical ailments that cannot be fully explained by organic conditions and are largely due to psychological factors
somatoform disorders
excessive preoccupation with health concerns and incessant worry about developing physical illnesses
hypochondriac
a class of disorders where people lose contact with portions of their consciousness or memory, resulting in disruption in their sense of identity
dissociative disorders
a class of disorders marked by emotional disturbances of varied kinds that may spill over to disrupt physical, perceptual, social, and thought processes
mood disorders
characterized by the experience of one or more manic episodes as well as periods of depression
bipolar disorder
a class of disorders marked by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and deterioration of adaptive behavior
schizophrenic disorders
a class of disorders marked by extreme, inflexible personality traits that cause subjects distress or impaired social and occupational functioning
personality disorders
a tendancy to blame victims for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way
defensive attribution
the tendancy to attribute one's success to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors
self-serving bias
widely shared expectations about how people in certain positions are supposed to behave
social roles
organized clusters of ideas about categories of social events and people
social schemas
1
H
hydrogen
2
He
Helium
3
Li
Lithium
4
Be
Beryllium
5
B
Boron
6
C
Carbon
7
N
Nitrogen
8
O
Oxygen
9
F
Fluorine
10
Ne
Neon
11
Na
Sodium
12
Mg
Magnesium
13
Al
Aluminum
14
Si
Silicon
15
P
Phosphorus
16
S
Sulfur
17
Cl
Chlorine
18
Ar
Argon
19
K
Potassium
20
Ca
Calcium