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14 Cards in this Set

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Mind-Body Problem

The mind is about mental processes, thought and consciousness. The body is about the physical aspects of the brain-neurons and how the brain is structured. The mind-body problem is about how these two interact

Dualism

Brain is physical, Mind is spiritual

Monism

Mind and body are the same (physical)

Empiricism VS Nativism

Empiricism-

Blank Slates, learn everything from experience


Nativism-


Born with innate knowledge

Herman Von Helmholtz

1821-1894

Studied reaction time, Student of Wilhelm Wundt, Specialized introspection


Wilhelm Wundt

"father of modern Pysch"

set out to address the problem of measuring mental experiences into their most basic parts (structuralism)


Structuralism

psychology concerned especially with resolution of the mind intostructural elements

Introspection

Reporting fundamental components of sensation and perception of direct stimuli (looking inside oneself)

Functionalism

Developed by william james (1842-1910)

Function, consciousness is an adaptive function


William James

Functionalism

Gestalt Psychology

Rejection of Structuralism

The whole is different than the sum of its parts


Behaviorism

(John B. Watson) Thought can't be readily measured, discusses human behavior without discussing thought


John B. Watson

Behaviorism

The Cognitive Revolution

psychosocial intervention that is the most widely used evidence-based practice for treating mental disorders