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23 Cards in this Set

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The tendency for test scores to exaggerate a difference between groups or to report a nonexistent difference
bias
The correspondence of a test's measurements to a theoretical construct
construct validity
The similarity between the items in a test and the information that the test is meant to measure
content validity
Acquired skills and knowledge and the application of that knowledge to the specific content of a person's experience
crystallized intelligence
The basic power of reasoning and using information, including the ability to perceive relationships, solve unfamiliar problems, and gain new types of knowledge
fluid intelligence
The tendency for people's performance on IQ tests to improve from one decade or generation to the next
Flynn effect
Spearman's "general" factor which all IQ tests and all parts of an IQ test are believed to have in common
g
A measure of an individual's probable performance in school and in similar settings
intelligence quotient (IQ)
Gardner's theory that intelligence is composed of numerous unrelated forms of intelligent behavior
multiple intelligence
A description of the requncies of occurence of particular scores
norms
The ability of a test's scores to predict some real-world performance
predictive validity
An IQ test that attempts to measure abstract reasoning without the use of language or recall of facts
Progressive Matrices
The measurement of individual differences in abilities and behaviors
psychometric approach
The repeatability of a test's scores
reliability
A "specific" factor that is more important for performance on some portions of an intelligence test than it is for others
s
the process of establishing rules for administering a test and for interpreting the scores
standardization
A test of intelligence; the first important IQ test in the English language
Stanford-Binet IQ
People's perceived risk that they might do something that supports an unfavorable stereotype about their group
stereotype threat
The correlation between scores on a first test and on a retest
test-retest reliability
Sternberg's theory that intelligence has three aspects: the cognitive processes that occur within the individual, the situations that require intelligence, and how intelligence relates to the external world
triarchic theory
The usefulness of a test for a practical purpose
utility
The determination of how well a test measures what it claims to measure
valdity
An IQ test originally devised by David Wechsler, commonly used with children
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition