Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/24

Click to flip

24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
MOTIVE
SPECIFIC NEED OR DESIRE, SUCH AS HUNGER, THIRST, OR ACHIEVEMENT, THAT PROMPTS GOAL-DIRECTED BEHAVIOR.
EMOTION
FEELING SUCH AS FEAR, JOY, OR SURPRISE THAT UNDERLIES BEHAVIOR.
INSTINCT
INBORN, INFLEXIBLE, GOAL-DIRECTED BEHAVIOR THAT IS CHARACTERISTIC OF AN ENTIRE SPECIES.
DRIVE
STATE OF TENSION OR AROUSAL THAT MOTIVATES BEHAVIOR.
DRIVE-REDUCTION THEORY
THEORY THAT MOTIVATED BEHAVIOR IS AIMED AT REDUCING A STATE OF BODILY TENSION OR AROUSAL AND RETURNING THE ORGANISM TO HOMEOSTASIS.
HOMEOSTASIS
STATE OF BALANCE AND STABILIY IN WHICH THE ORGANISM FUNCTIONS EFFECTIVELY.
PRIMARY DRIVE
UNLEARNED DRIVE SUCH AS HUNGER, THAT IS BASED ON A PHYSIOLOGICAL STATE.
SECONDARY DRIVE
LEARNED DRIVE, SUCH AS AMBITION, THAT IS NOT BASED ON A PHYSIOLOGICAL STATE.
AROUSAL THEORY
THEORY OF MOTIVATION THAT PROPOSE ORGANISMS SEEK AN OPTIMAL LEVEL OF AROUSAL.
YERKE-DODSON LAW
STATES THAT THERE IS AN OPTIMAL LEVEL OF AROUSAL FOR THE BEST PERFORMANCE OF ANY TASK; THE MORE COMPLEX THE TASK, THE LOWER THE LEVEL OF AROUSAL THAT CAN BE TOLERATED BEFORE PERFORMANCE DETERIORATES.
INCENTIVE
EXTERNAL STIMULUS THAT PROMPTS GOAL-DIRECTED BEHAVIOR.
INTRINSIC MOTIVATION
DESIRE TO PREFORM A BEHAVIOR THAT STEMS FROM THE BEHAVIOR PEFORMED.
EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION
DESIRE TO PERFORM A BEHAVIOR TO OBTAIN AN EXTERNAL REWARD OR AVOID PUNISHMENT.
ANOREXIA NERVOSA
SERIOUS EATING DISORDER THAT IS ASSOCIATED WITH AN INTENSE FEAR OF WEIGHT GAIN AND A DISTORTED BODY IMAGE.
BULIMIA NERVOSA
EATING DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY BINGES OF EATING FOLLOWED BY SELF-INDUCED VOMITING.
TESTOSTERONE
PRIMARY MALE SEX HORMONE.
STIMULUS MOTIVE
UNLEARNED MOTIVE SUCH AS CURIOSITY OR CONTACT THAT PROMPTS US TO EXPLORE OR CHANGE THE WORLD AROUND US.
AGGRESSION
BEHAVIOR AIMED AT DOING HARM TO OTHERS, ALSO THE MOTIVE TO BEHAVE AGGRESSIVELY.
ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVE
NEED TO EXCEL, TO OVERCOME OBSTACLES.
AFFILIATION MOTIVE
NEED TO BE WITH OTHERS.
JAMES-LANGE THEORY
STATES THAT STIMULI CAUSE PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES IN OUR BODIES AND EMOTIONS RESULT FROM THOSE PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES.
CANNON-BARD THEORY
STATES THAT THE EXPERIENCE OF EMOTION OCCURS SIMULTANEOUSLY WITH BIOLOGICAL CHANGES.
COGNITIVE THEORY
STATES TAHT EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE DEPENDS ON ONE'S PERCEPTION OR JUDGEMENT OF THE SITUATION ONE IS IN.
DISPLAY RULES
CULTURE-SPECIFIC RULES THAT GOVERN HOW, WHEN, AND WHY EXPRESSIONS OF EMOTION ARE APPROPRIATE.