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11 Cards in this Set

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Mental representation
take a variety of forms, including images, ideas, concepts, and principles
language
consists of a system of symbols and rules for combining these symbols in ways that can generate an infinite number of possible messages or meanings
displacement
refers to the fact that past, future, and imaginary events and object that are not physically present can be symbollically represented and communicated through the medium of language.
surface structure
consists of the way symbols are combined within a given language
syntax
(rules of grammar)
deep structure
refers to the underlying meaning of the combined symbols.
semantics
the rules for connecting the symbols to what they represent
phonemes
the smallest units of sound that are recognized as separate in a given language
morphemes
the smallest units of meaning in a language
language acquisition device (LAD)
an innate biological mechanism that contains general grammatical rules (which *he terms "universal grammar") common to all languages. *Noal Chomsky
aphasia
a disruption in speech comprehension and production