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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The severe loss or deterioration of memory
The inability to store new long-term memories
anterograde amnesia
The process of grouping digits or leters into meaningful sequences
Attempts made by amnesic patients to fill in the gaps in their memory, mostly with out-of-date information
A method of testing memory by asking someone to remember a certain item after being given a hint
cued recall
The recall of factual information
declarative memroy
A condition in which memory is stored but cannot be retrieved
The tendency for the associations formed at the time of learning to be more effective retrieval cues than other associations
encoding specificity principle
A memory for specific events in a person's life
episodic memory
A memory that a person can state, generally recognizing that it is the correct answer
explicit memory (or direct memory)
A report that someone believes to be a memory but that does not actually correspond to real events
flase memory
A method of testing memory by asking someone to produce a certain item (e.g. a word) without substantial hints, as on an essay or short-answer test
free recall
The tendency to mold our recollection of the past to fit how events later turned out
hindsight bias
A forebrain structure in the interior of the temporal lobe that is important for storing certain kinds of memory
A memory that influences behavior without requiring conscious recognition that one is using a memory
implicit (or indirect) memory
A relative lack of declarative memories from early in life
infant amnesia (or childhood amnesia)
The view that information is processed, coded, and store in various ways in human memory as its is in a computer
information-processing model
A condition caused by a prolonged deficiency of vitamin B, which resuls in both retrograde amnesia and anterograde amnesia
Korsakoff's syndrom
The concept that the number and types of associations established during learning determine the ease of later retreival of a memory
levels-of-processing principle
A relatively permanent store of information
long-term memory
The process of retaining information or the information retained
A mnemonic device that calls for linking the items on a list with a memorized list of places
method of loci
Any memory aid that is based on encoding each item in a special way
mnemonic device
The temporarily increaed probability of using a word as a result of recently reading or hearing it
The hinderance that an older memory produces on a newer one
proactive interference
The retention of learned skills
procedural memory
A method of testing memory by asking someone to choose the correct item from a set of alternatives
Putting together an account of past events, based partly on memories and partly on expectations of what must have happened
A report of a long-lost memory, prompted by clinical techniques
recovered memory
According to Freudian theory, the process of moving a memory, motivation, or emotion from he conscious mind to the unconscious mind
Information associated with remembered materal, which can be useful for helping to recall that material
retrieval cue
The impairment that a newer memory produces on an older one
retroactive interference
The loss of memory for events that occured before the brain damage
retrograde amnesia
A method of testing memory by measuring how much faster someone can relearn something than learn something for the first time
savings method (or relearning method)
Memory of general principles
semantic memory
A very brief storage of sensory information
sensory store
The tendency to remember the items near the beginning and end of a list better than those in the middle
serial-order effect
a temporary storage of a limited amount of information
short-term memory
A systematic way to monitor and improve understanding of a text by surveying, processing meaningfully, asking questions, and reviewing
SPAR method
The tendency to remember something better if your body is in the same condition during recall as it was during the original learning
state-dependent memory
A system that processes and works with current information, including three components- a central executive, a phonological loop, and a visuospatial sketchpad
working memory