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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the ability to remember the things that we have experienced, imagined, and learned
Information processing model
a computerlike model used to describe the way humans encode, store, and retrieve information
Sensory registers
entry points for raw information from the senses
the selection of some incoming information for further processing
Short-term Memory (STM)
working memory; briefly stores and processes selected information from the sensory registers
the grouping of information into meaningful units for easier handling by short-term memory
Decay theory
a theory that argues that the passage of time causes forgetting
Interference theory
a theory that argues that interference from other information causes forgetting
Rote rehearsal
retaining something in STM simply by repeating it over and over
Elaborative rehearsal
the linking of new information in short-term memory to familiar material stored in long-term memory
Retrograde amnesia
the inability to recall events immediately preceding an accident or injury, but without loss of earlier memory
Long-term memory (LTM)
the portion of memory that is more or less permanent; corresponding to everything we “know”
Semantic memory
the portion of long-term memory that stores general facts and information
Episodic memory
the portion of long-term memory that stores more specific information that has personal meaning
Explicit memory
memory for information that was intentionally committed to memory or intentionally retrieved from memory
Implicit memory
memory for information that either was unintentionally committed to memory or was unintentionally retrieved from memory
Retroactive interference
the process by which new information interferes with old information already in memory
Proactive interference
the process by which old material already in memory interferes with new information
a set of beliefs or expectations about something that is based on past experiences
Flashbulb memory
a vivid memory of a certain event and the incidents surrounding it even after a long time has passed
Eidetic imagery
the ability to reproduce unusually sharp and detailed images of something one has seen
someone with highly developed memory skills
techniques that make material easier to remember