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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ability to remember the things that we have experienced, imagined, and learned.
Information-Processing Model
Computerlike model used to describe the way humans encode, store, and retrieve information.
Sensory Registers
Entry points for raw information from the senses.
Selection of some incoming information for further processing.
Short-term Memory (STM)
Working memory, briefly stores and processes selected information from the sensory registers.
Rote rehearsal
Retaining information in memory simply by repeating it over and over.
grouping the information into meaningful units for easier handling by short-term memory.
long-term memory (LTM)
Portion of memory that is more or less permanent corresponding to everything we know.
serial position effect
finding that when asked to recall a list of unrelated items, performance is better for the items at the beginning and end of the list.
elaborative rehearsal
Linking of new information in short-term memory to familiar material stored in long-term memory.
schema (plural: schemata)
Set of beliefs or expectations about something that is based on past experience.
episodic memory
Portion of long-term memory that stores personally experienced events.
semantic memory
Portion of long-term memory that stores general facts and information.
procedural memory
portion of long-term memory that stores information relating to skills, and other perceptual-motor tasks.
emotional memory
learned emotional responses to various stimuli.
explicit memory
memory information from that we can readily express in words and are aware of having these memories can be intentionally retrieve from memory.
implicit memory
memory for information that we cannot readily express in words and may not be aware of having these memories cannot be intentionally retrieved from memory.
tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon
Knowing a word but not being able to immediately recall it.
long-term potentiation (LTP)
Long-lasting change in the structure or function of a synapse that increases the efficiency of neural transmission, and is thought to be related to how information is stored by neurons.
decay theory
theory that argues that the passage of time causes forgetting.
retrograde annesia
inability to recall events preceding an accident or injury but without loss of earlier memory.
retroactive interference
process by which new information interferes with information already in memory.
proactive interference
process by which information is readily in memory interferes with new information.
techniques that make material easier to remember.
childhood amnesia
difficulty adults have remembering experiences from their first 2 years of life.
eidetic imagery
ability to reproduce unusually sharp and detailed images of something one has seen.
someone who highly developed memory skills.
flashbulb memory
vivid memory of a certain event and the incidents surrounding it even aftera long time has passed.