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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sensation
Sensory and nervous systems recieve stimuli from environment
Perception
Organizing and interpreting sensory information
Bottom-Up Processing
Focus on raw material
Top-Down Processing
Processing focuses on experiences and expectations
Absolute Threshold
Minimum stimulation to detect a stimulus
Difference Threshold
Minimum difference to be noticed
Signal Detection Theory
Formulas and Principles predicting when one will respond to a stimuli
Sensory Adaption
Diminished sensitivity as a result of constant stimulation (cold pool)
Selective Attention
Focusing on a particular stimulus (background noise)
Trichromatic Theory
Cones tuned to red, green, or blue and they mix according to amount of stimulus
Opponent-Process
opposite pairs cancel eachother (red-green, blue-yellow, black-white)
Kinesthetic Sense
Sensing postition and movements of individual body parts
Vestibular Sense
Sensing body orientation and balance (semi-circular canals)
Gestalt
Whole is greater than sum of parts (big picture)
Figure-Ground
Organizing visuals into objects (black/white switch)
Grouping-Similarity
Similar looking objects in same group (team uniforms)
Grouping-Proximity
Group closer objects together (team shares bench)
Grouping-Closure
Close gaps to make shape (dotted lines make shape)
Grouping-Continuity
Lines continue smoothly (small/main highway)
Binocular Cues
Depth requiring both eyes
Monocular Cues
Depth requiring one eye
Retinal Disparity
Depth from cues from left and right eye (Binocular Cues)
Convergence
Eye muscles go inwards when focusing on close object (finger sausage)(Binocular Cues)
Relative Size
Objects larger are closer (Monocular Cues)
Relative Motion
Objects farther appear to move slower (airplane) (Monocular Cues)
Interposition
Objects closer block farther objects (Monocular Cues)
Relative Height
Distant objects appear higher in field of vision (Monocular Cues)
Texture Gradient
Closer objects have more texture (Monocular Cues)
Relative Clarity
Farther objects seem cloudy (Monocular Cues)
Linear Perspective
Parallel lines draw together in the distance (Monocular Cues)
Motion Percecption-Stroboscopic Motion
Flipbooks
Motion Perception-Phi Phenomenon
Lights create animation (construction arrows)
Size Constancy
Incoming object is not getting larger, just closer (Perceptual Consistancy)
Shape Constancy
Angle changes but shape does not (Open door) (Perceptual Consistancy)
Lightness Constancy
Object in dark does not change color (Perceptual Consistancy)
Perceptual Set
Observing something with a predispostiton, causing perception to be influenced (songs backwards)
Context
Setting of environment (space mountain)
Müller-Lyer Illusion
arrows make lines appear to be same size when they are not
Ames Room (Illusion)
camera angles and distorted size room
Precognition
a knowledge of future events
Clairvoyance
ability to "see" distant events (That's so Raven)
Telepathy
Ability to exchange thoughts with another person (identical twins)
Psychokinesis
Moving objects with mind (Matilda)
Sensation
Sensory and nervous systems recieve stimuli from environment
Perception
Organizing and interpreting sensory information
Bottom-Up Processing
Focus on raw material
Top-Down Processing
Processing focuses on experiences and expectations
Absolute Threshold
Minimum stimulation to detect a stimulus
Difference Threshold
Minimum difference to be noticed
Signal Detection Theory
Formulas and Principles predicting when one will respond to a stimuli
Sensory Adaption
Diminished sensitivity as a result of constant stimulation (cold pool)
Selective Attention
Focusing on a particular stimulus (background noise)
Trichromatic Theory
Cones tuned to red, green, or blue and they mix according to amount of stimulus
Opponent-Process
opposite pairs cancel eachother (red-green, blue-yellow, black-white)
Kinesthetic Sense
Sensing postition and movements of individual body parts
Vestibular Sense
Sensing body orientation and balance (semi-circular canals)
Gestalt
Whole is greater than sum of parts (big picture)
Figure-Ground
Organizing visuals into objects (black/white switch)