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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
SCHEMAS
a framework that organizes and interprets information
AGGRESSION
physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone
COPING
alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods
BIOFEEDBACK
a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension
ENVIRONMENT
every non-genetic influence from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us. Everything that is not genetic.
TERATOGENS
agents such as chemicals and viruses that can reach the embryo or fetus during development and cause harm.
AEROBIC EXERCISE
sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness, may also alleviate depression and axiety.
HABITUATION
– a decrease in responding with repeated stimulation- as infants gain familiarity with repeated exposure to a visual stimulus, interest wanes (or grows bored) and they look away sooner.
TEMPERMENT
a person’s characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity
ATTACHMENT
an emotional tie with another person, shown in young children by their seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on seperation.
CULTURE
the enduring behaviors ideas attitudes values and traditions shared by a group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
PUBERTY
– the period of sexual maturation when a person becomes capable of reproducing
EGOCENTRIC
one of Piagets theories, the preoperational child’s difficulty taking another’s point of view.
Difficulty perceiving things from another point of view.
STRESS
the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL ILLNESS
literally, mind-body illness, any stress related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches.
X CHROMOSOME
sex chromo found in both men and women. Females have 2 men have 1, x from both parent produces a female child
Y CHROMO
sex chromo found only in males. When paired with the x chromo from female, it produces a male child
INDIVIDUALISM
giving priority to ones own goals over group goals and defining ones identity in terms of personal attribute rather than group identification
COLLECTIVISM
giving priority to the goals of ones group (often extended family or work group) and defining ones identity accordingly
COPING WITH STRESS 3 FACTORS:
Perceived control – having control of life situations
Explanatory style – optimistic and pessimistic
Social support – family, church, friends
3 STRESSFUL LIFE EVENTS:
Catastrophes – natural disasters
Significant Life changes – marriage death, job loss, family issues
Daily Hassles- exams, grocery, waking up
3 ASPECTS OF MORALITY DEVELOPMENT
Moral thinking- Piaget believed that children’s judgement build on their cognitive development. The thinking that occurs as we consider right and wrong
Moral feeling – feeling disgust when seeing people engaged in degrading behavior
Moral action – doing the right thing
3 STAGES OF PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT
zygote – the fertilized egg, 2 weeks of rapid cell division
embryo – developing human organism from about 2 weeks thru 2nd month
fetus – developing human organism from 9weeks to birth
EXTRA CREDIT:
MOVIE: SABRINA –regarding type a & b personalities
Easy button- effects probability
VICTOR FRANKLE – MAN;S SEARCH FOR MEANING