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32 Cards in this Set

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Treatment designed to help people deal with mental, emotional, or behavioral problems.
Psychotherapy
Biologically based treatments for reducing or eliminating the symptoms of psychological disorders.
Biomedical therapies
Medications that reduce the positive symptoms of schizophrenia
Antiopsychotic drugs
Too much causes schizophrenia, too little causes Parkinson’s disease.
Dopamine
Medications that modulate the availability or effectiveness of the neurotransmitters implicated in mood disorders.
Antidepressant drugs
Medications that reduce tension and anxiety
Antianxiety drugs
Implicated in depression, treated with Prozac
Seratonin
A treatment used primarily for depression in which a brief electric current is delivered to the brain.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
Surgery that destroys or alters tissues in the brain in an effort to affect behavior.
Psychosurgery
Treatments designed to give clients self knowledge into the contents of their thought processes.
Insight Therapy
Freud’s method of treatment that attempts to bring hidden impulses and memories, which are locked in the unconscious, to the surface of awareness, thereby freeing the patient from disordered thoughts and behaviors.
Psychoanalysis
A technique used in psychoanalysis to explore the contents of the unconscious; patients are asked to freely express whatever thoughts and feelings happen to come into their minds.
Free Association
A technique used in psychoanalysis; Freud believed that these are symbolic and contain important information about the unconscious.
Dream Analysis
Unconscious or hidden content
Latent Content
Actual events and visible content
Manifest content
In psychoanalysis, a patient’s unconsciously motivated attempts to subvert or hinder the process of therapy.
Resistance
In psychoanalysis, the patient’s expression of thoughts or feelings toward the therapist that are actually representative of the way the patient feels about other significant people in his or her life.
Transference
Treatments to remove irrational beliefs and negative thoughts that re presumed to be responsible for psychological disorders.
Cognitive Therapies
A form of cognitive therapy in which the therapist acts as a kind of cross-examiner, verbally assaulting the client’s thought process.
Rational-emotive therapy
Treatments designed to help clients gain insight into their fundamental self-worth and value as human beings.
Humanistic Therapy
A form of humanistic therapy proposing that it is the patient, not the therapist, who holds the key to psychological health and happiness; the therapist’s role is to provide genuineness, unconditional positive regard, and empathy.
Client-centered therapy
A form of humanistic therapy where clients are actively encouraged to express their feelings openly. Emphasis is on the “here” and now – and therapists often use the empty chair technique.
Gestalt Therapy
A form of humanistic therapy that believes psychologically problems originate form the anxieties created by personal choices. These therapists encourage clients to accept responsibility for these decisions, but in a supportive environment that encourages positive growth.
Existential Therapy
A form of humanistic therapy where clients are actively encouraged to express their feelings openly. Emphasis is on the “here” and now – and therapists often use the empty chair technique.
Gestalt Therapy
A form of therapy in which several people are treated simultaneously in the same setting.
Group Therapy
A form of group therapy in which the therapist treats the whole family. The goals of treatment are often to improve interpersonal communication and collaboration.
Family Therapy
Treatments designed to change behavior through the use of established learning techniques.
Behavioral therapy
A technique that uses counter conditioning and extinction to reduce the fear and anxiety that have become associated with a specific object or event
Systematic Desensitization
A treatment for replacing a positive reaction to a harmful stimulus, such as alcohol, with something negative, such as feeling nauseous
Aversion Therapy
A type of behavioral therapy in which patients are rewarded with small things when they act in an appropriate way, which can be exchanged for certain privileges.
Token Economy
A statistical technique used to compare findings across many different research studies; comparisons are based on some common evaluation measure, such as the difference between treatment and control conditions.
Meta analysis
Improvement in a psychological disorder without treatment – that is, simply as a function of the passage of time.
Spontaneous Remission