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34 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A criterion of abnormality stating that a behavior is abnormal if it occurs infrequently among the members of a population.
Statistical Deviance
A criterion of abnormality stating that a behavior is abnormal if it violates the rules or accepted standards of society.
Cultural Deviance
Something causes a person to be unable to do things they once could when they experience this. Example: Previously they could keep a job, but now they can’t hold one down.
A criterion of abnormality stating that abnormal behaviors are those that lead to personal upset.
Emotional Distress
A breakdown in normal functioning; abnormal behaviors are those that prevent one from pursuing adaptive strategies
A legal term usually defined as the inability to understand that certain actions are wrong, in a legal or moral sense, at the time of a crime.
The view that abnormal behavior is symptomatic of an underlying “disease” that can be “cured” with the appropriate therapy.
Medical Model
The fact that labels for psychological problems can become self-fulfilling prophecies; the label may make it difficult to recognize normal behavior when it occurs, and it may actually increase the likelihood that a person will act in an abnormal way.
Diagnostic Labeling Effects
Is used for the diagnosis and classification of psychological disorders. This is composed of five major rating dimensions, or axes.
DSM-IV - The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.)
A class of disorders marked by excessive apprehension and worry that in turn impairs normal functioning
Anxiety Disorders
Excessive worrying, or free-floating anxiety that lasts for at least six months and that cannot be attributed to any single identifiable source
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
A condition marked by recurrent discrete episodes or attacks of extremely intense fear or dread.
Panic Disorder
An anxiety disorder that causes an individual to restrict his or her normal activities; someone suffering from this will avoid public places out of fear that a panic attack will occur.
An anxiety disorder that manifests itself through persistent and uncontrollable thoughts, or by the compelling need to perform repetitive acts.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
A highly focused fear of a particular object or situation, such as a bug, a snake, flying heights, an animal, a closed place or a storm.
Specific phobia disorder
Psychological disorders that focus on the physical body.
Somatoform disorders
A long-lasting preoccupation with the idea that one has developed a serious disease, based on what turns out to be a misinterpretation of normal body reactions.
A long-lasting preoccupation with body symptoms that have no identifiable physical cause. Those suffering are not afraid of dying of a particular disease, but rather they are looking for someone to sympathize and understand their countless physical problems.
Somatization Disorder
The presence of real physical problems, such as blindness or paralysis, that seem to have no identifiable physical problems.
Conversion disorder
A class of disorders characterized by the separation, or dissociation, of conscious awareness from previous thoughts or memories.
Dissociative Disorders
A psychological disorder characterized by an inability to remember important, personal information.
Dissociative Amnesia
A loss of personal identity that is often accompanied by a flight from home.
Dissociative Fugue
A condition in which an individual alternates between what appear to be two or more distinct identities or personalities.
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Prolonged and disabling disruptions in emotional state.
Mood Disorders
A type of mood disorder characterized by depressed mood and other symptoms.
Major Depressive Episode
A type of mood disorder in which the person experiences disordered mood shifts in two directions – from depression to a manic state.
Bipolar Disorder
A disordered state in which the person becomes hyperactive, talkative, and has a decreased need for sleep; a person in this state may engage in activities that are self-destructive and dangerous.
Manic State
A class of disorders characterized by fundamental disturbances in thought processes, emotion, or behavior.
Chronic or enduring patterns of behavior that lead to significant impairments in social functioning.
Personality Disorders
A personality disorder characterized by pervasive distrust of others.
Paranoid Personality Disorder
A personality disorder characterized by an excessive and persistent need to be taken care of by others.
Dependant Personality Disorder
A personality disorder characterized by little, if any, respect for laws, customs or norms
Antisocial Personality Disorder
The idea that psychological disorders are influenced, or caused, by a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors.
A general sense of helplessness that is acquired when people repeatedly fail in their attempts to control their environment.
Learned Helplessness