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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowlege base.
applied research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
behavioral psychology
studying behavior
cognitive psychology
biological psychology
biological events
psychodynamic psychology
evolutionary psychology
inherited tendencies
neuroscience psychology
how the body & brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences.
behavioral genetics psychology
how much our genes & our enviroment influence our individual differences
social-cultural psychology
how behavior & thinking vary across situations and cultures.
clinical psychology
a branch of psychology taht studies and helps people with psychological disorders.
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders. provide medical treatments to patient
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe after learing an outcome
people tend to believe the same at other people
confirmation bias
people look for things that share their opinion
knowledge through observation
using common sense
function of human mind by introspection. (Wundt)
study of only observable behavior (Watson/Skinner)
looking at thinking
the science of behavior & mental processes
the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors.
critical thinking
thinking that doesn't blindly accept arguments and conclusions. It examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assess conclusions.
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes and prdicts observation
a testable prediction, often implied by theory
operational definition
a statement of the proceedures use to define research variables
repeating the essence of a research study.
case study
an observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles
a technique for ascertaining the self-reported attitudes or behaviors or people, randomly
all cases in a group that can be used in a study.
random sample
a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion
naturalistic observation
observing and recording behavior in naturally occuring situations without trying to manipulate and control situation
correlation coeffiecient
a statistical measure of the extent to which 2 factors vary together
illusionary correlation
the perception of a relationship where none exists.
a research method where an investigator manipulates 1 or 2 factors to observe the effects. Random
an inert substance or condition that may be administered instead of a presumed active agent.
double-blind procedure
an experiment werher both the research participants & research staff are ignorant about whether the participants have received the placebo or treatments.
placebo effect
any effect on behavior caused by a placebo
experimental condition
the condition of an experiment that exposes participants to the treatment, that is, the one verson of the independent variable
random assignment
assigning participants to experimental and control conditons by chance minimizing preexisting differences between those assigned to the different groups.
independent variable
the experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied
dependent variable
the experimental factor-in psychology, the behavior or mental process-that is being measured; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable.
the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
a study method incoporating Survey, Question, Read, Rehearse, Review.