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9 Cards in this Set

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American psychologist who experimentally investigated observational learning, emphasizing the role of cognitive factors.
Albert Bandura
b. 1925
American psychologist who experimentally demonstrated the learning of taste aversions in animals, a finding that challenged several basic assumptions of classical conditioning.
John Garcia
b. 1917
Russian physiologist who first described the basic learning process of associating stimuli that is now called classical conditioning.
Ivan Pavlov
1849-1936
American psychologist who experimentally demonstrated the involvement of cognitive processes in classical conditioning.
Robert A. Rescorla
b. 1940
Candian psychologist who has extensively studied the role of classical conditioning and conditioned compensatory responses in the development of drug tolerance, drug withdrawal symptoms, and drug relapse.
Shepard Siegel
b. 1940
American psychologist who developed the operant conditional model of learning; emphasized studying the relationship between environmental factors and observable actions, not mental processes, in trying to achieve a scientific explanation of behavior.
B.F. Skinner
1904-1990
American psychologist who was the first to experimentally study animal behavior and document how active behaviors are influenced by their consequences; postulated the law of effect.
Edward L. Thorndike
1874-1949
American psychologist who used the terms _cognitive map_ and _latent learning_ to describe experimental findings that strongly suggested that cognitive factors play a role in animal learning.
Edward C. Tolman
1898-1956
American psychologist who, in the early 1900s, founded behaviorism, an approach that emphasizes the scientific study of outwardly observable behavior rather than subjective mental states.
John B. Watson
1878-1958