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28 Cards in this Set

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AGGRESIVE ENERGY
Energy assumed to have the same general properties as libido. It is also termed the energy of the death impulse.
ANAL STAGE
Developmental stage from ages 2-4. both the anal sphincter and the bladder are brought into awareness as areas of tension and gratification. A natural interest in self discovery is prompted by toilet training
ANXIETY
The major coping problem for the psyche. anxiety is triggered by an expected or foreseen increase in tension or displeasure, real or imagined, when a threat to the body or psyche is too great to be ignored, discharged or mastered
CATHEXIS
The process by which the available libidinal energy in the psychhe isattached or invested in a person,idea, or thing. Once it is released this same energy may be redirected and become available for other current needs.
DEFENSE MECHANISMS
Ways in which the ego attempts to protect the whole personality against a threat.
DENIAL
DM. a person is unwilling to accept an event that disturbs the ego.
ISOLATION
DM. partitioning or seperating the anxiety arousing parts of a situation from the rest of the psyche. little or no emotional reaction remains connected to the event
PROJECTION
DM.a person attrubutes to antoher person, animal, or object the qualities feelings or intentions that originate in the self.The projection is then rated as if it were an external force.
RATIONALIZATION
DM.the individual finds acceptable reasons for unacceptable thoughst or actions. it disguises motives rendering our actions morally justifiable thus bowing to pressure from the super ego
REACTION FORMATION
DM.replaces behaviors or feelings with those that are diametrically opposite. THe result is an explicit and usually unconscious inversion of the wish.
REGRESSION
DM.manifested as a reversion to an earlier level of development, or to a mode of expression that is simpler or more childlike
REPRESSION
DM.forces a potentially anxiety provoking idea, event, or perception away from consciousness, precluding possible resolution
SUBLIMATION
DM.differs from the other freudian defenses in that the tension may actually be resolve and eliminated by redirecting it to other channels. Intellectual, artistic, or cultural goals may receive the energies previously directed toward sexual or aggressive ends.
DREAMWORK
A process of distortion, selection, inversion, displacement, transformation, or other modifications of an original wish to render it acceptable to the ego, even if the original wish is not
EGO(1)
The part of the psyche that develops to ensure the health, safety and sanity of personality as it mediates between demands of the id and external reality. The ego is reponsice to opportunities, where as the id is responsive only to needs.
FIXATION
a response that occurs when there is excessive involvement in a particular developmental stage. in fixation there is a tendencey to seek gratification of needs in simpler or child like ways rather than as an adult
GENITAL STAGE
developmental stage from puberty to adulthood. libidinal energy returns to genitals. Awareness of their sperate sexual identities and the search for ways to satisfy erotic and interpersonal needs occurs for boys and girls
ID(IT)
Original biological core. Primitave and unorganized yet contains the resevoir of energy for all parts of the personality. Not changed by experiance or contact with external world. Goals are to reduce tension -increase pleasure- and minimize discomfort.
IMPULSES (DRIVES)
Pressure to act without conscious thought. Needs are physical aspects and wishes are mental. 4 components> source, aim, impetus, and object
LATENCY PERIOD
ages 5-6 attention from relationship with parents to relationship with peers, sports, shcool activities and other skills superego represses unresolvable sexual desires from phallic stage
LIBIDO
Characterized by a flow of energy, releases passes from one area of attention to another. Aggressive energy or death impulse is assumed to have the same properties as libido.
OEDIPUS COMPLEX
during phallic stage.
Boys>father is seen as a rival for mothers attention, yet boys still want fathers love for wich mother is seen as rival>repressed>fear of castration
Girls> electra complex repression less total or severe so allowed to remain in this situation for indefinite period
ORAL STAGE
2-4 needs of gratification involve lips tongue, and later teeth.Basic drive is to take in nourishment to relieve tension of hunger and thirst
PENIS ENVY
feelings of inferiority because girl desires a penis. When woman is adult they long for male child to make up for lack of
PHALLIC STAGE
3-5 focus is on genitals with awareness of the presence of absence of a penis. Children become conscious of sexual differences
PSYCHOANALYSIS
A procedure for investigation a method of treatment and an accumulated collection of psychological information used to understnad those aspects of mental life that are obscure and apparently unreachable.
SUPEREGO(ABOVE I)
develops from ego and serves as a repository for moral codes, standards of conduct, and inhibitions that funtion as conscience self observation and formation of ideals.
WISH FUFILLMENT
An aspect of dreams that may be considered as an alternate pathway to satisfy the desires of the id.