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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
strong affectionate tie we have with special people in our lives that leads us to feel pleasure when we interact with them and to be comforted by their nearness in times of stress
recognizes the infant's emotional tie to the caregiver as an evolved response that promotes survival is the most widely accepted view
ethological theory of attachment
attachment develops in __ stages
the first stage of attachment is: age?
preattachment-birth to 6 weeks , built in signals grasping, smiling
second stage of attachment: age?
attachment in the making 6to 8 months, respond differently to a familiar caregiver than to a stranger
third stage of attachment: age?
clear cut 6 to 8 and 18 to 2 years, familiar caregiver is evident, babies display seperation anxiety
sepertaion anxiety increases between months?
6 to 15 months
fourth stage of attachment: age
formation of reciprocal relationship, 18 to 2 yrs, rapid growth in represenation and language permits toddlers to understand some of the factors that influence the parents coming and going
set of expectation about the availability of attachment figures and their likelihood of providing support during times of stress
internal working model
widely used lab procedure for assessing the quality of attachment between 1 and 2 years of age is_________ takes the baby through eight short episodes in which brief separations from and reunions with the parent occur
strange situation
these infants use the parent as a secure base, when seperated they may or may not cry, about 65% of North American infants show this pattern
secure attachment
these infants seem unresponsive to the parent when she is present. when she leaves they are usually not distressed about 20% of population
avoidant attachment
before seperation, these infants seek closeness to the parent and often fail to explore 10-15% make up the population
resistant attachment
this pattern reflects the greatest insecurity, show confusion, contradictory behaviors 5% to 10% make up the population
disorganized/disorientated attachment
suitable for children between 1 and 4 years, depends on home observation
attachment Q-sort - time consuming
responding promptly, consistently, and appropriately to infants and holding them tenderly and carefully
sensitive caregiving
seperated the experiences of secure and insecure babies, caregiver responds to infant signals in a well-times rhythmic appropriate fashion
interactional synchrony
about ___ of siblings establish similar attachment patterns with their parents, although the siblings often differ in temperament
Babies develop attachments to mothers as well as:
fathers, siblings, g-parents
when anxious or unhappy most babies prefer their
the preference of wanting the mother in unhappy situations declines during this age?
2 yr
this parent devotes more time to physical care and expressing affection
this parent spends more time in playful interaction
US fathers devote ___% of time as mothers do
___% of NAmerican children grow up w/ at least one sibling
this age babies typically spend much more time with older siblings
end of first year
at this age infants sense that they are physically distinct from their surroundings
at birth
infants distinguish their own visual image at this age?
first few months
at this age toddlers become consciously aware of the self's physical feature
2 years
identification of the self as a physically unique being what age?
self-recognition 2 years
ability to understand another's emotional state and feel with that person
by this age language becomes a powerful tool in self-development
second year
they categorize themselves and others on the basis of age, what age?
categorical self, 18 to 30 months
they show clear awareness of caregiver's wishes and expectations and can obey simple requests and commands, what age?
compliance 12 to 18 months
waiting for an appropriate time and place to engage in a tempting act, what age?
delay of gratification 1 1/2 to 3 years