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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Erikson's 4th stage is
industry vs inferiority
the sense of inadequacy can develop when ____ life has not prepared children for school life or when _____ and ____ destroy childrens feelings
family, teacher, peer
in middle childhood children describe themselves as:
psychological traits, compare characterstics w/ other peers
this age they change their observations of behaviors and internal states into general dipostions
8-11
judgements of their appearance,ablilites, and behavior in relation to those of others
social comparision
middle childhood children look to more _____ for info about themselves
people
at this age children have formed at least four broad self-evaluations: academic,social,physical/athletic, physical
6 to 7
self esteem declines during ____ years of elementary school
first few
from this grade on self esteem rised for the majority
fourth
what social influences might lead to self esteem high or low
culture,child-rearing practices,attributes,
common everday explanations for the causes of behavior
attributes
this attribution crediting their success to ability, they can improve through trying harder and failures to factors that can be changed
mastery-oriented attributions
this attribution children attribute their failures to ability, they conclude that external factors are responsible
learned helplessness attributions
this motivates children to take on further challenges whereas this prompts them to make amends and to strive for self-improvement
pride, guilt
at this age children become aware that they can experience more than one emotion at a time
8 years old
at this age they understand that pide combines two sources of happiness
8 to 9
at this age they can reconcile contradictory facial and situational cues in figuring out anothers feelings
8 to 9
rapid gains in ____ self-regulation occur in middle childhood
emotional
this coping they appraise the situation as changeable, identify the difficulty and decide what to do about it
problem-centered
this coping is internal, private and aimed at controlling distress when little can be done about an outcome
emotion-centered coping
this grade they begin to emphasize concern for others feelings
third
capacity to imagine what other people may be thinking and feeling
perspective taking
robert slemans five stage sequence believed that:
over time children "step into another persons shoes" and reflect how that person might feel
beliefs about how to divide material good fairly
distributive justice
the 3 stages of distributive justice is:
strict equality- 5-6: focus on making sure you get same amount, merit- 6-7: extra rewards go to someone who worked hard for it, equity/benevolence-8: special consideration given to those at an disadvantage
at this age children view freedom of speech and religion as individual rights
6
collectives that generate unique values and standards for behavior and a social structure of leaders and followers
peer groups
one to one friendships contribute to this
trust
likablitly the extent to which a classmate is viewed by a group of agemates such as classmates
peer acceptance
this type of child usually combine academic and social competence
popular prosocial
this type of child is athletically skilled but poor students who cause trouble
popular antisocial
this type of child is shows high rates of conflict, physical and relational aggression and hyperactive, inattentive and impulsive behavior
rejected-aggression
this type of child is passive and socially awkward
rejected-withdrawn
this % of children are bullies
10 to 20
this % are victims of bullyin
15 to 30
this % encourage bullyin
20 to 30
stereotyping of personality traits increases during this age
11
transitional form of supervision in which they exercise general oversight while permitting children to be in charge of moment by moment decision making
coregulation
sibling rivarly tends to increase during
middle childhood
this % of American and Candaian marriages divorce and have children
45 and 30
this amount of divorced parents remarry
2/3
series of meetings between divorcing adults and a trained professional aimed at reducing family conflict
divorce mediation
grants mother and father equal say in decision making
joint custody
this % of divorced parents remarry within a few years
60
children who regualarly look after themselves during after-school hours
self-care children