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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Forgetting Curve
graphs retention and forgetting over time
proportion of material retained
measure of retention that requires subjects to reproduce information on their own without any cues
measure of retention that requires a subject to memorize info a second time to determine how much time or how many practice trials are saved by having learned it before
Decay Theory
forgetting occurs because memory traces fade with time
Interference Theory
people forget info because of competition from other material
Retroactive Interference
occurs when new info impairs the retention of previously learned info
Proactive Interference
old info interferes with the new info
keeping distressing thoughts and feelings buried in the unconsciuos
Long-Term Potentiation(LTP)
long lasting increase in neural excitability at synapses along a specific neural pathway
Retrograde Amnesia
the loss of memories for events that occured prior to amnesia
Anterograde Amnesia
loss of memories for events that occur after amnesia
hypothetical process involving the gradual conversation of info into durable memory codes stored in long term memory
Implicit Memory
apparent when retention is exhibited on a task that doesnt requite intentional remembering
Declarative Memory System
handles factual info
Nondeclarative/Procedural Memory System
houses memories for actions skills operations and conditioned responses
Episodic Memory System
made up of chronological or temporally dated recollections of personal experiences
Semantic Memory System
contains general knowledge that is not tied to the time when the info was learned
Prospective Memory
remembering to perform actions in the future
Retrospective Memory
remembering events from the past or previously learned info